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Environmental Sustainability Perspectives of the Nordic Diet

Environmental Sustainability Perspectives of the Nordic Diet

Title: Environmental Sustainability Perspectives of the Nordic Diet
Author: Margrete Meltzer, Helle
Brantsæter, Anne Lise
Trolle, Ellen
Eneroth, Hanna
Fogelholm, Mikael
Ydersbond, Trond Arild
Birgisdottir, Bryndis Eva   orcid.org/0000-0002-5788-4551
Date: 2019-09-18
Language: English
Scope: 2248
University/Institute: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
School: Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Health Sciences (UI)
Department: Matvæla- og næringarfræðideild (HÍ)
Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition (UI)
Series: Nutrients;11(9)
ISSN: 2072-6643
DOI: 10.3390/nu11092248
Subject: Food Science; Environment; FBDGs; Food systems; Nordic diet; Sustainability; Matvælafræði; Umhverfismál; Sjálfbærni; Mataræði; Norðurlönd
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1645

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Meltzer, H.M.; Brantsæter, A.L.; Trolle, E.; Eneroth, H.; Fogelholm, M.; Ydersbond, T.A.; Birgisdottir, B.E. Environmental Sustainability Perspectives of the Nordic Diet. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2248.


"The Nordic diet" is an umbrella term that encompasses any interpretation that combines Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGs) with local Nordic foods. The five Nordic countries have collaborated on Nordic Nutrition Recommendations for forty years, including FBDGs, so their national guidelines are similar. The countries also share similar public health issues, including widespread nonconformity to the guidelines, although in different ways. The aim of this concept paper is to discuss environmental sustainability aspects of the Nordic diet, describe the status of and make suggestions for the inclusion of sustainability in future work on the Nordic diet. We exploit the sustainability-health synergy. A food intake more in line with the current FBDGs, which emphasises more plant-based and less animal-based foods, is necessary for high environmental sustainability. In turn, sustainability is an important motivator for health-promoting dietary shifts. Policy development requires long-term efforts. Since the Nordic diet can be considered a further development and improvement of old, traditional diets, there is huge potential to formulate a Nordic diet that benefits both human and planetary health. It is time for concerted engagement and actions-a new Nordic nutrition transition.


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