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Temporal evolution of primordial tungsten-182 and 3He/4He signatures in the Iceland mantle plume

Temporal evolution of primordial tungsten-182 and 3He/4He signatures in the Iceland mantle plume

Title: Temporal evolution of primordial tungsten-182 and 3He/4He signatures in the Iceland mantle plume
Author: Mundl-Petermeier, A.
Walker, R.J.
Jackson, M.G.
Blichert-Toft, J.
Kurz, M.D.
Halldórsson, Sæmundur Ari   orcid.org/0000-0002-4724-8578
Date: 2019-10-20
Language: English
Scope: 245-259
University/Institute: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
School: School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)
Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
Department: Institute of Earth Sciences (UI)
Jarðvísindastofnun (HÍ)
Series: Chemical Geology;525
ISSN: 0009-2541
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2019.07.026
Subject: 3He/4He; Iceland; Mantle plume; Primordial reservoir; μ182W; Möttulstrókur; Jarðmöttull; Basalt; Eldgos; Jarðeðlisfræði
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1613

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Mundl-Petermeier, A., Walker, R. J., Jackson, M. G., Blichert-Toft, J., Kurz, M. D., & Halldórsson, S. A. (2019). Temporal evolution of primordial tungsten-182 and 3He/4He signatures in the Iceland mantle plume. Chemical Geology, 525, 245-259. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2019.07.026


Studies of short-lived radiogenic isotope systems and noble gas isotopic compositions of plume-derived rocks suggest the existence of primordial domains in Earth's present-day mantle. Tungsten-182 anomalies together with high 3He/4He in Phanerozoic rocks from large igneous provinces and ocean island basalts demonstrate the preservation of early-formed (within the first 60 Ma of solar system history) mantle domains tapped by modern mantle plumes. It has proven difficult to link the evidence for primordial domains with geochemical evidence for more recent processes, such as recycling. The Greenland-Iceland plume system, starting with eruptions of the Paleocene North Atlantic Igneous Province, is later manifested in the mid-Miocene to modern volcanic products of Iceland. Here, we report Pb isotopic compositions, μ182W (deviations in 182W/184W of a sample from a laboratory reference standard in parts per million), and 3He/4He, as well as highly siderophile element concentrations and Re-Os isotopic systematics of basaltic samples erupted at different times during the ~60 Ma history of the Greenland-Iceland plume. Paleocene samples from Greenland, representing the early stage of the mantle plume, are characterized by variable 3He/4He ranging from 7 to 48 R/RA (measured 3He/4He normalized to the atmospheric ratio) and an average μ182W of −4.0 ± 3.6 (2SD), within modern upper mantle-like values of 0 ± 4.5. The basalts from Iceland can be divided into two groups based on their Pb isotope compositions. One group, consisting mostly of Miocene basalts, is characterized by 206Pb/204Pb ranging from ~18.4 to 18.5, 3He/4He ranging from 17.8 to 40.2 R/RA, and μ182W values ranging from +1.7 to −9.1 ± 4.5. The other group, consisting mainly of Pleistocene and Holocene basalts, is characterized by higher 206Pb/204Pb, ranging from ~18.7 to 19.2, 3He/4He ranging from 7.9 to 25.7 R/RA, and μ182W values ranging from −0.6 to −11.7 ± 4.5. Collectively, the Greenland-Iceland suite examined requires mixing between a minimum of three mantle source domains characterized by distinct Pb-He-W isotopic compositions, in order to account for this range of isotopic data. The temporal changes in the isotopic data for these rocks appear to track the dominant contributing plume components as the system evolved. One of the domains is indistinguishable from the ambient upper oceanic mantle and contributed substantial material throughout the time progression. The other two domains are most likely primordial reservoirs that underwent limited de-gassing. Given the negative μ182W values in some rocks, one of these domains likely formed within the first 60 Ma of solar system history and is a major contributor to the youngest basalts. The isotopic characteristics of Greenland-Iceland plume-derived rocks reveal episodic changes in the source component proportions.


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This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).T

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