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Evaluation of Physical Fitness, Body Composition, and Adherence to Mediterranean Diet in Adolescents from Estonia: The AdolesHealth Study

Evaluation of Physical Fitness, Body Composition, and Adherence to Mediterranean Diet in Adolescents from Estonia: The AdolesHealth Study


Title: Evaluation of Physical Fitness, Body Composition, and Adherence to Mediterranean Diet in Adolescents from Estonia: The AdolesHealth Study
Author: Galan-Lopez, Pablo
Domínguez, Raúl
Pihu, Maret
Gísladóttir, Thordis
Sánchez-Oliver, Antonio J.
Ries, Francis
Date: 2019-11-02
Language: English
Scope: 4479
University/Institute: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
School: School of Education (UI)
Menntavísindasvið (HÍ)
Department: Faculty of Health Promotion, Sport and Leisure Studies (UI)
Deild heilsueflingar, íþrótta og tómstunda (HÍ)
Series: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health;16(22)
ISSN: 1660-4601
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16224479
Subject: Adolescents; Body composition; Cardiovascular risk factors; Lifestyle; Nutrition; Obesity; Physical inactivity; Sedentary; Ungt fólk; Lífshættir; Mataræði; Offita; Kyrrseta
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1598

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Citation:

Galan-Lopez, P.; Domínguez, R.; Pihu, M.; Gísladóttir, T.; Sánchez-Oliver, A.J.; Ries, F. Evaluation of Physical Fitness, Body Composition, and Adherence to Mediterranean Diet in Adolescents from Estonia: The AdolesHealth Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4479.

Abstract:

Unhealthy lifestyles, low levels of physical fitness, and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) are associated with bad quality of life and the development of a wide range of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The current study aimed to evaluate the level of adherence to the MD in physical fitness performance and body composition parameters in children and adolescents of Estonia. Therefore, 413 adolescents (56% boys) from the city of Tartu completed the Mediterranean Diet Questionnaire (KIDMED) for analyzing the adherence to MD and performed the Alpha Fitness Test for measuring physical fitness and body composition. A 41.67% of low, 44.05% of average, and 14.28% of high adherence to MD was detected, without difference between genders (p = 0.747). In the Alpha Fitness battery, a higher performance was observed in all tests for boys vs. girls (p < 0.05). In relation to body composition, higher height, weight, and waist values were observed in boys (p < 0.05) and a lower body fat percentage (p < 0.01) without differences in body mass index (BMI; p = 0.906). The adherence to the MD is classified as average/low. Gender significantly influences all variables of the Alpha Fitness battery and anthropometrics measures excepting BMI. According the levels of adherence to the MD, no statistically different prevalence was observed for Non-Overweight (N-Oweight), Non-Overfat (N-Ofat), or Non-Overwaist (N-Owaist). Still, a risk factor for Overweight (Oweight) in boys with low adherence was observed in comparison to those with a mid-level of adherence to the MD.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited

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