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Ocean predation and mortality of adult Atlantic salmon

Ocean predation and mortality of adult Atlantic salmon

Title: Ocean predation and mortality of adult Atlantic salmon
Author: Strøm, John Fredrik
Rikardsen, Audun Håvard
Campana, Steven   orcid.org/0000-0002-7453-3761
Righton, David
Carr, Jonathan
Aarestrup, Kim
Stokesbury, Michael J. W.
Gargan, Patrick
Javierre, Pablo Caballero
Thorstad, Eva Bonsak
Date: 2019-05-27
Language: English
Scope: 7890
University/Institute: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
School: School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)
Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
Department: Líf- og umhverfisvísindadeild (HÍ)
Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences (UI)
Series: Scientific Reports;9(1)
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-44041-5
Subject: Ecology; Ichthyology; Vistfræði; Fiskifræði; Atlantshafslax
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1570

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Strøm, J.F., Rikardsen, A.H., Campana, S.E. et al. Ocean predation and mortality of adult Atlantic salmon. Scientific Reports 9, 7890 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-44041-5


Predation and mortality are often difcult to estimate in the ocean, which hampers the management and conservation of marine fshes. We used data from pop-up satellite archival tags to investigate the ocean predation and mortality of adult Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) released from 12 rivers fowing into the North Atlantic Ocean. Data from 156 tagged fsh revealed 22 defnite predation events (14%) and 38 undetermined mortalities (24%). Endothermic fsh were the most common predators (n=13), with most of these predation events occurring in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and from the Bay of Biscay to the Irish Shelf. Predation by marine mammals, most likely large deep-diving toothed whales (n=5), and large ectothermic fsh (n=4) were less frequent. Both the estimated predation rates (ZP) and total mortality rates (ZM) where higher for Atlantic salmon from Canada, Ireland, and Spain (ZP=0.60– 1.32y−1, ZM =1.73–3.08y−1) than from Denmark and Norway (ZP=0–0.13y−1, ZM =0.19–1.03y−1). This geographical variation in ocean mortality correlates with ongoing population declines, which are more profound for southern populations, indicating that low ocean survival of adults may act as an additional stressor to already vulnerable populations.


Publisher's version (útgefin grein).


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