Opin vísindi

A review of biomass gasification modelling

Show simple item record

dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Safarian, Sahar
dc.contributor.author Unnthorsson, Runar
dc.contributor.author Richter, Christiaan
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-20T13:43:09Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-20T13:43:09Z
dc.date.issued 2019-05-13
dc.identifier.citation Safarian, S., Unnþórsson, R., & Richter, C. (2019). A review of biomass gasification modelling. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 110, 378-391. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2019.05.003
dc.identifier.issn 1364-0321
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1544
dc.description Post-print (lokagerð höfundar)
dc.description.abstract Currently around 10% of all energy generated worldwide comes from biomass. Most of this 10% is biofuel energy from the fermentation of corn and sugarcane. Fermentation of corn competes with the global food supply, and fermentation of sugarcane drives deforestation. Therefore, the renewable and sustainable growth of these two bio-based energy sources may not be desirable even if it is economically feasible. Biomass gasification by contrast is significantly more flexible in terms of the bio-feedstock or waste that can be processed to either produce biofuels or to co-generate electricity and heat on demand. Fluidized bed and entrained flow gasifiers already achieve promising economy-of-scale for fuel production whilst downdraft gasifiers are well-suited for small-scale heat and power co-generation. This superior flexibility of gasification both in terms of the feedstock type and also the energy generation or fuel production options, is what drives expanding research and implementation opportunities for biomass gasification. Research progress is accelerated by modelling work. This review is the first review in the biomass gasification modelling field to collect and analyze statistics on the growing number of gasification modelling studies and approaches used. The frequency of the various modelling choices made, and the trends this data reveals, is reported. For new researchers this review provides a succinct guide to the modelling choices that needs to made early on in a modelling study or project. A detailed methodology characterization is introduced that includes consequential modelling choices not explicitly addressed by prior reviews. To seasoned researchers this study provides the first statistical (as opposed to ad hoc or anecdotal) picture of what their fellow researchers are doing.
dc.description.sponsorship Rannís Technology Development Fund (project 175326-0611), the Icelandic Research Fund (grant 196458-051) and the Northern Periphery and Arctic program (project H-CHP 176)
dc.format.extent 378-391
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews;110
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Biomass Gasification
dc.subject Equilibrium model
dc.subject Stoichiometric model
dc.subject Kinetic model
dc.subject Tar
dc.subject Lífmassi
dc.subject Gas (eldsneyti)
dc.subject Úrgangur
dc.subject Líkön
dc.title A review of biomass gasification modelling
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license CC by 4.0
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2019.05.003
dc.contributor.department Iðnaðarverkfræði-, vélaverkfræði- og tölvunarfræðideild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Industrial Eng., Mechanical Eng. and Computer Science (UI)
dc.contributor.school Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record