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Elucidation of different cold-adapted Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) trypsin X isoenzymes

Elucidation of different cold-adapted Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) trypsin X isoenzymes


Titill: Elucidation of different cold-adapted Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) trypsin X isoenzymes
Höfundur: Stefánsson, Bjarki   orcid.org/0000-0002-0363-5162
Sandholt, Gunnar B.
Gudmundsdottir, Ágústa
Útgáfa: 2017-01
Tungumál: Enska
Umfang: 11-19
Háskóli/Stofnun: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
Svið: Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Health Sciences (UI)
Deild: Matvæla- og næringarfræðideild (HÍ)
Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition (UI)
Birtist í: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics;1865(1)
ISSN: 1570-9639
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2016.10.005
Efnisorð: Biophysics; Analytical Chemistry; Biochemistry; Molecular Biology; Lífefnafræði; Efnagreining; Lífeðlisfræði; Sameindalíffræði; Biomedicine; Lífvísindi; Atlantic cod; Atlantshafslax
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/153

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Tilvitnun:

Stefansson, B., Sandholt, G. B., & Gudmundsdottir, Á. (2017). Elucidation of different cold-adapted Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) trypsin X isoenzymes. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics, 1865(1), 11–19. doi:10.1016/j.bbapap.2016.10.005

Útdráttur:

Trypsins from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), consisting of several isoenzymes, are highly active cold-adapted serine proteases. These trypsins are isolated for biomedical use in an eco-friendly manner from underutilized seafood by-products. Our group has explored the biochemical properties of trypsins and their high potential in biomedicine. For broader utilization of cod trypsins, further characterization of biochemical properties of the individual cod trypsin isoenzymes is of importance. For that purpose, a benzamidine purified trypsin isolate from Atlantic cod was analyzed. Anion exchange chromatography revealed eight peaks containing proteins around 24 kDa with tryptic activity. Based on mass spectrometric analysis, one isoenzyme gave the best match to cod trypsin I and six isoenzymes gave the best match to cod trypsin X. Amino terminal sequencing of two of these six trypsin isoenzymes showed identity to cod trypsin X. Three sequence variants of trypsin X were identified by cDNA analysis demonstrating that various forms of this enzyme exist. One trypsin X isoenzyme was selected for further characterization based on abundance and stability. Stepwise increase in catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) of this trypsin X isoenzyme was obtained with substrates containing one to three amino acid residues. The study demonstrates that the catalytic efficiency of this trypsin X isoenzyme is comparable to that of cod trypsin I, the most abundant and highly active isoenzyme in the benzamidine cod trypsin isolate. Differences in pH stability and sensitivity to inhibitors of the trypsin X isoenzyme compared to cod trypsin I were detected that may be important for practical use.

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