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An Assessment of the Sustainability of Lignocellulosic Bioethanol Production from Wastes in Iceland

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands (HÍ)
dc.contributor University of Iceland (UI)
dc.contributor.author Safarian, Sahar
dc.contributor.author Unnthorsson, Runar
dc.date.accessioned 2020-01-27T14:41:11Z
dc.date.available 2020-01-27T14:41:11Z
dc.date.issued 2018-06-07
dc.identifier.citation Safarian, S.; Unnthorsson, R. An Assessment of the Sustainability of Lignocellulosic Bioethanol Production from Wastes in Iceland. Energies 2018, 11, 1493.
dc.identifier.issn 1996-1073
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1477
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein).
dc.description.abstract This paper describes the development of a model to comprehensively assess the sustainability impacts of producing lignocellulosic bioethanol from various types of municipal organic wastes (MOWs) in Iceland: paper and paperboard, timber and wood and garden waste. The tool integrates significant economic, energy, environmental and technical aspects to analyse and rank twelve systems using the most common pretreatment technologies: dilute acid, dilute alkali, hot water and steam explosion. The results show that among the MOWs, paper and paperboard have higher positive rankings under most assessments. Steam explosion is also ranked at the top from the economic, energy and environmental perspectives, followed by the hot water method for paper and timber wastes. Finally, a potential evaluation of total wastes and bioethanol production in Iceland is carried out. The results show that the average production of lignocellulosic bioethanol in 2015 could be 12.5, 11 and 3 thousand tons from paper, timber and garden wastes, respectively, and that production could reach about 15.9, 13.7 and 3.7 thousand tons, respectively, by 2030.
dc.format.extent 1493
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher MDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseries Energies;11(6)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Bioethanol
dc.subject Lignocellulosic wastes
dc.subject Pretreatment
dc.subject Sustainability assessment
dc.subject Etanól
dc.subject Sjálfbærni
dc.subject Úrgangur
dc.subject Orkuframleiðsla
dc.title An Assessment of the Sustainability of Lignocellulosic Bioethanol Production from Wastes in Iceland
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Energies
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/en11061493
dc.relation.url http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/11/6/1493/pdf
dc.contributor.department Iðnaðarverkfræði-, vélaverkfræði- og tölvunarfræðideild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Industrial Eng., Mechanical Eng. and Computer Science (UI)
dc.contributor.school School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)
dc.contributor.school Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)

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