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Waste Biomass Gasification Simulation Using Aspen Plus: Performance Evaluation of Wood Chips, Sawdust and Mixed Paper Wastes

Waste Biomass Gasification Simulation Using Aspen Plus: Performance Evaluation of Wood Chips, Sawdust and Mixed Paper Wastes


Title: Waste Biomass Gasification Simulation Using Aspen Plus: Performance Evaluation of Wood Chips, Sawdust and Mixed Paper Wastes
Author: Safarian, Sahar   orcid.org/0000-0002-0409-007X
Richter, Christiaan   orcid.org/0000-0002-6563-4923
Unnthorsson, Runar   orcid.org/0000-0002-1960-0263
Date: 2019-06-23
Language: English
Scope: 12-30
University/Institute: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
School: Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)
Department: Iðnaðarverkfræði-, vélaverkfræði- og tölvunarfræðideild (HÍ)
Faculty of Industrial Eng., Mechanical Eng. and Computer Science (UI)
Series: Journal of Power and Energy Engineering;07(06)
ISSN: 2327-588X
2327-5901 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2019.76002
Subject: Waste Biomass Gasification; Simulation Model; Gasifier Performance; Waste to Energy; Lífmassi; Lífrænn úrgangur; Orka; Eldsneyti; Gösun; Hermilíkön
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1408

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Citation:

Safarian, S., Richter, C. and Unnthorsson, R. (2019) Waste Biomass Gasification Simulation Using Aspen Plus: Performance Evaluation of Wood Chips, Sawdust and Mixed Paper Wastes. Journal of Power and Energy Engineering, 7, 12-30. https://doi.org/10.4236/jpee.2019.76002

Abstract:

Biomass is one of the most widely available energy sources and gasification is a thermal conversion process where biomass is transformed into a fuel gas with a gasifying agent. In this paper by using ASPEN Plus, a new steady state simulation model for down draft waste biomass gasification was developed. The model that is stoichiometric equilibrium-based is proposed to be used for optimization of the gasifier performance. Prediction accuracy of the model is validated by comparing with available experimental and modeling results in other literature. Then the model is used for comparative analysis of the gasi- fication performance of sawdust, wood chips and mixed paper wastes. In the model, the operating parameters of temperature and equivalence ratio (ER) have been varied over wide range and their effect on syngas composition, syngas yield, low heating value (LHV) of syngas and cold gas efficiency (CGE) has been investigated. Raise in temperature increases the production of CO and H2 which leads to higher syngas yield, LHV and CGE. However, increasing ER decreases the production of CO and H2 which results lessens in LHV and CGE but syngas yield continuously increases because more oxygen is available for biomass reactions at high ER. The optimal values of CO and H2 mole fraction and CGE of sawdust, wood chips and mixed paper wastes are located at 900˚C, 1000˚C and 1000˚C, respectively and ER range is be- tween 0.20 - 0.35 regardless of the kind of biomass which is used as the feedstock.

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This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY 4.0). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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