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Sending a message: How significant events have influenced the warnings landscape in Australia

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Anderson-Berry, Linda
dc.contributor.author Achilles, Tamsin
dc.contributor.author Panchuk, Shannon
dc.contributor.author Mackie, Brenda
dc.contributor.author Canterford, Shelby
dc.contributor.author Leck, Amanda
dc.contributor.author Bird, Deanne
dc.date.accessioned 2019-09-11T15:38:17Z
dc.date.available 2019-09-11T15:38:17Z
dc.date.issued 2018-09
dc.identifier.citation Anderson-Berry, L., Achilles, T., Panchuk, S., Mackie, B., Canterford, S., Leck, A., & Bird, D. K. (2018). Sending a message: How significant events have influenced the warnings landscape in Australia. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 30, 5-17. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.03.005
dc.identifier.issn 2212-4209
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1244
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein)
dc.description.abstract The Bureau of Meteorology has a mandate to issue warnings for weather and climate events that are likely to result in harm and loss. This service has been delivered in an end-to-end (science to service) context and warnings messages have typically been crafted to describe the current and predicted future state of the environment and recommended protective actions. However, the warnings landscape is evolving and Australian governments and emergency management agencies are adopting rapidly diversifying roles in a range of warnings processes. This evolution coincides with the shift in international strategies: from the mitigation and crisis management approach to the emphasis on building community resilience. Following a number of severe weather-related events that resulted in serious losses a series of Australian inquiries, reviews and social research investigated warnings efficacy. This included the National Review of Warnings and Information for Australia, with a recommendation suggesting that a Total Warning System concept be more formally considered across multiple hazards, rather than just flood, as it currently stands. Consequently, Australian warnings agencies are embracing a more people-centred approach recognising the need for messages to include detail of likely impact alongside an implied level of risk. Thus, developing capability to deliver impact forecasting and risk-based warnings services in a multi (natural) hazard context. With a key focus on flood, fire and tropical cyclone, this paper reviews international and national warnings policy documents and social research and explores the evidence-based evolution of warning services with respect to the Total Warning System concept.
dc.description.sponsorship Deanne Bird has been supported by the Nordic Centre of Excellence for Resilience and Societal Security – NORDRESS, which is funded by the Nordic Societal Security Programme.
dc.format.extent 5-17
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction;30(A)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Total Warning System
dc.subject Impact forecasting
dc.subject Risk-based warnings
dc.subject Community engagement
dc.subject Communicating uncertainty
dc.subject Disaster resilience
dc.subject Náttúruhamfarir
dc.subject Almannavarnir
dc.subject Crisis management
dc.subject Áfallastjórnun
dc.title Sending a message: How significant events have influenced the warnings landscape in Australia
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.03.005
dc.contributor.department Líf- og umhverfisvísindadeild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences (UI)
dc.contributor.school Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)

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