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Long-term health of children following the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption: a prospective cohort study

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Hlodversdottir, Heidrun
dc.contributor.author Þorsteinsdóttir, Harpa
dc.contributor.author Þórðardóttir, Edda Björk
dc.contributor.author Njardvik, Urdur
dc.contributor.author Pétursdóttir, Guðrún
dc.contributor.author Hauksdóttir, Arna
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-21T14:51:44Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-21T14:51:44Z
dc.date.issued 2018-03-05
dc.identifier.citation Hlodversdottir, H., Thorsteinsdottir, H., Thordardottir, E. B., Njardvik, U., Petursdottir, G., & Hauksdottir, A. (2018). Long-term health of children following the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption: a prospective cohort study. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 9(sup2), 1442601. doi:10.1080/20008198.2018.1442601
dc.identifier.issn 2000-8066
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1197
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein)
dc.description.abstract Background: More than 500 million people worldwide live within exposure range of an active volcano and children are a vulnerable subgroup of such exposed populations. However, studies on the effects of volcanic eruptions on children’s health beyond the first year are sparse. Objective: To examine the effect of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption on physical and mental health symptoms among exposed children in 2010 and 2013 and to identify potential predictive factors for symptoms. Method: In a population-based prospective cohort study, data was collected on the adult population (N = 1615) exposed to the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption and a non-exposed group (N = 697). The exposed group was further divided according to exposure level. All participants answered questionnaires assessing their children´s and their own perceived health status in 2010 and 2013. Results: In 2010, exposed children were more likely than non-exposed children to experience respiratory symptoms (medium exposed OR 1.47; 95% CI 1.07–2.03; high exposed OR 1.52; 95% CI 1.03–2.24) and anxiety/worries (medium exposed OR 2.39; 95% CI 1.67–3.45; high exposed OR 2.77; 95% CI 1.81–4.27). Both genders had an increased risk of symptoms of anxiety/worries but only exposed boys were at increased risk of experiencing headaches and sleep disturbances compared to non-exposed boys. Within the exposed group, children whose homes were damaged were at increased risk of experiencing anxiety/worries (OR 1.62; 95% CI 1.13–2.32) and depressed mood (OR 1.55; 95% CI 1.07–2.24) than children whose homes were not damaged. Among exposed children, no significant decrease of symptoms was detected between 2010 and 2013. Conclusions: Adverse physical and mental health problems experienced by the children exposed to the eruption seem to persist for up to a three-year period post-disaster. These results underline the importance of appropriate follow-up for children after a natural disaster.
dc.description.sponsorship The data collections were funded by a grant from the Icelandic government in 2010. The preparation of this paper was also supported by the Nordic Centre of Excellence for Resilience and Societal Security (NORDRESS) which is funded by the NordForsk (grant number 68825)
dc.format.extent 1442601
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Informa UK Limited
dc.relation.ispartofseries European Journal of Psychotraumatology;9(sup2)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Volcano eruption
dc.subject Disaster
dc.subject Children
dc.subject Physical health
dc.subject Mental health
dc.subject Prospective cohort study
dc.subject Eldgosið í Eyjafjallajökli
dc.subject Náttúruhamfarir
dc.subject Börn
dc.subject Lýðheilsa
dc.subject Líðan
dc.title Long-term health of children following the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption: a prospective cohort study
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal European Journal of Psychotraumatology
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/20008198.2018.1442601
dc.contributor.department Miðstöð í lýðheilsuvísindum (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department The Centre of Public Health Sciences (UI)
dc.contributor.department Sálfræðideild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Psychology (UI)
dc.contributor.department Stofnun Sæmundar fróða (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department The Institute for Sustainability Studies (UI)
dc.contributor.school Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Health Sciences (UI)

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