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Lat. scrībere in Germanic

Lat. scrībere in Germanic

Title: Lat. scrībere in Germanic
Author: Tarsi, Matteo   orcid.org/0000-0001-6548-7874
Date: 2019
Language: English
Scope: 42-59
University/Institute: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
School: Hugvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Humanities (UI)
Department: Íslensku- og menningardeild (HÍ)
Faculty of Icelandic and Comparative Cultural Studies (UI)
Series: NOWELE. North-Western European Language Evolution;72(1)
ISSN: 0108-8416
2212-9715 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.1075/nowele.00019.tar
Subject: Íslenska; Germanic comparative linguistics; Germönsk samanburðarmálfræði; Literacy; Samanburðarmálfræði
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1115

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Tarsi, M. (2019). Lat. scrībere in Germanic. NOWELE. North-Western European Language Evolution, 72(1), 42-59. doi:https://doi.org/10.1075/nowele.00019.tar


The present article deals with the reflexes of Lat. scrībere in Germanic. It is proposed that the word was borrowed into Germanic at quite an early stage (1st century AD) as a result of contacts between West-Germanic-speaking populations and the Romans. Special stress is put on the importance of the Roman military in introducing the practice of writing among those that served in the army. Special attention is given to the North Germanic reflexes of Lat. scrībere in order to tentatively explain the morphological difference found in that branch of Germanic, where the verb is found both in the first class of strong verbs and in the second class of weak verbs. It is proposed that the former conjugation is primary, and that the rise of the latter is due to later developments such as lexical analogical processes and language- external causes. Furthermore, the present study confirms from a different perspective that English influence on writing is primary in the Old-West- Norse-speaking area. Finally, Schulte’s (2015) proposal is re-read in the light of terminological evidence from England and Scandinavia.


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