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Browsing by Subject "Evolution"

Browsing by Subject "Evolution"

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  • Guðbrandsson, Jóhannes; Pashay Ahi, Ehsan; Franzdottir, Sigridur Rut; Kapralova, Kalina; Kristjansson, Bjarni K.; Steinhäuser, Sophie S.; Maier, Valerie H.; Johannesson, Isak M.; Snorrason, Sigurður S.; Jonsson, Zophonias O.; Palsson, Arnar (F1000 Research, Ltd., 2016-12-02)
    Species and populations with parallel evolution of specific traits can help illuminate how predictable adaptations and divergence are at the molecular and developmental level. Following the last glacial period, dwarfism and specialized bottom feeding ...
  • Kapralova, Kalina; Guðbrandsson, Jóhannes; Reynisdottir, Sigrun; Santos, Cristina B.; Baltanás, Vanessa C; Maier, Valerie H. untranslated; Snorrason, Sigurður S.; Palsson, Arnar (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2013-07-24)
    Northern freshwater fish may be suitable for the genetic dissection of ecological traits because they invaded new habitats after the last ice age (∼10.000 years ago). Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) colonizing streams and lakes in Iceland gave rise ...
  • Ludwig, Michael Z; Palsson, Arnar; Alekseeva, Elena; Bergman, Casey M; Nathan, Janaki; Kreitman, Martin (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2005-03-15)
    Lack of knowledge about how regulatory regions evolve in relation to their structure–function may limit the utility of comparative sequence analysis in deciphering cis-regulatory sequences. To address this we applied reverse genetics to carry out a ...
  • Wesolowska, Natalia; Reynisdóttir, Sigrún; Ludwig, Michael Z.; Kreitman, Martin; Palsson, Arnar (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2014-05-01)
    Changes in regulatory DNA contribute to phenotypic differences within and between taxa. Comparative studies show that many transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) are conserved between species whereas functional studies reveal that some mutations ...
  • Palsson, Arnar; Rouse, Ann; Riley-Berger, Rebecca; Dworkin, Ian; Gibson, Greg (Genetics Society of America, 2004-07-01)
    The Epidermal growth factor receptor is an essential gene with diverse pleiotropic roles in development throughout the animal kingdom. Analysis of sequence diversity in 10.9 kb covering the complete coding region and 6.4 kb of potential regulatory ...
  • Palsson, Arnar; Dodgson, James; Dworkin, Ian; Gibson, Greg (BioMed Central Ltd, 2005)
    Background Quantitative differences between individuals stem from a combination of genetic and environmental factors, with the heritable variation being shaped by evolutionary forces. Drosophila wing shape has emerged as an attractive system for ...