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Browsing by Author "Dürig, Tobias"

Browsing by Author "Dürig, Tobias"

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  • Cole, R.P.; White, J.D.L.; Büttner, R.; Zimanowski, B.; Bowman, M.H.; Conway, C.E.; Leonard, G.S.; Pure, L.R.; Townsend, D.B.; Dürig, Tobias (Geological Society of America, 2021-05-19)
    Glaciovolcanic deposits at Tongariro and Ruapehu volcanoes, New Zealand, represent diverse styles of interaction between wet-based glaciers and andesitic lava. There are iceconfined lavas, and also hydroclastic breccia and subaqueous pyroclastic deposits ...
  • Dürig, Tobias; White, J. D. L.; Murch, A. P.; Zimanowski, B.; Büttner, R.; Mele, D.; Dellino, P.; Carey, R. J.; Schmidt, L. S.; Spitznagel, N. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-06-29)
    The majority of Earth’s volcanic eruptions occur beneath the sea, but the limited number of direct observations and samples limits our understanding of these unseen events. Subaerial eruptions lend some insight, but direct extrapolation from the subaerial ...
  • Dürig, Tobias; White, J. D. L.; Zimanowski, B.; Büttner, R.; Murch, A.; Carey, R. J. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-09-30)
    In 2012, the eruption of deep-sea volcano Havre produced an abundance of fine ash at a depth of ~ 1000 m below sea level. In this study the 2D shapes of Havre ash grains retrieved from the seafloor were compared quantitatively with those of particles ...
  • Gíslason, Sigurður Reynir; Stefansdottir, Gerdur; Pfeffer, Melissa; Barsotti, Sara; Jóhannsson, Th.; Galeczka, Iwona Monika; Bali, Eniko; Sigmarsson, Olgeir; Stefansson, Andri; Keller, Nicole Simone; Sigurðsson, Á.; Bergsson, Bergur H.; Galle, B.; Jacobo, V.C; Arellano, S.; Aiuppa, A.; Jónasdóttir, Elín Björk; Eiríksdóttir, E.S.; Jakobsson, Sigurður; Guðfinnsson, Guðmundur; Halldórsson, Sæmundur Ari; Gunnarsson, H.; Haddadi, B.; Jonsdottir, Ingibjorg; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Riishuus, Morten; Högnadóttir, Thórdís; Dürig, Tobias; Pedersen, Gro; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi (European Association of Geochemistry, 2015)
    The effusive six months long 2014-2015 Bárðarbunga eruption (31 August-27 February) was the largest in Iceland for more than 200 years, producing 1.6 ± 0.3 km3 of lava. The total SO2 emission was 11 ± 5 Mt, more than the amount emitted from Europe ...
  • Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi; Jónsdóttir, Kristín; Hooper, Andrew; Holohan, Eoghan P.; Halldorsson, Saemundur; Ofeigsson, Benedikt Gunnar; Cesca, Simone; Vogfjörð, Kristín S.; Sigmundsson, Freysteinn; Högnadóttir, Thórdís; Einarsson, Páll; Sigmarsson, Olgeir; Jarosch, Alexander H.; Jónasson, Kristján; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Hreinsdóttir, Sigrún; Bagnardi, Marco; Parks, Michelle M.; Hjorleifsdottir, Vala; Pálsson, Finnur; Walter, Thomas R.; Schöpfer, Martin P. J.; Heimann, Sebastian; Reynolds, Hannah Iona; Dumont, Stéphanie; Bali, Eniko; Guðfinnsson, Guðmundur; Dahm, Torsten; Roberts, Matthew J.; Hensch, Martin; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Spaans, Karsten; Jakobsson, Sigurður; Guðmundsson, Gunnar B.; Fridriksdóttir, Hildur María; Drouin, Vincent; Dürig, Tobias; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Riishuus, Morten; Pedersen, Gro; van Boeckel, Tayo; Oddsson, Björn; Pfeffer, Melissa A.; Barsotti, Sara; Bergsson, Baldur; Donovan, Amy; Burton, Mike R.; Aiuppa, Alessandro (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2016-07-14)
    Large volcanic eruptions on Earth commonly occur with a collapse of the roof of a crustal magma reservoir, forming a caldera. Only a few such collapses occur per century, and the lack of detailed observations has obscured insight into the mechanical ...
  • Dioguardi, Fabio; Beckett, Frances; Dürig, Tobias; Stevenson, John (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2020-08-31)
    Volcanic ash in the atmosphere is a hazard to aviation. To predict which areas of airspace are most likely to be affected by the presence of ash, Volcanic Ash Advisory Centers (VAACs) use observations and atmospheric dispersion models. These models are ...
  • Pedersen, Gro; Höskuldsson, Ármann; Dürig, Tobias; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Jonsdottir, Ingibjorg; Riishus, M. S.; Óskarsson, B.V.; Dumont, Stéphanie; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi; Sigmundsson, Freysteinn; Drouin, V.J.P.B.; Gallagher, C.; Askew, R.; Gudnason, J.; Moreland, William; Nikkola, P.; Reynolds, Hannah Iona; Schmith, Johanne (Elsevier BV, 2017-06)
    The 6-month long eruption at Holuhraun (August 2014–February 2015) in the Bárðarbunga-Veiðivötn volcanic system was the largest effusive eruption in Iceland since the 1783–1784 CE Laki eruption. The lava flow field covered ~84 km2 and has an estimated ...
  • Dürig, Tobias; Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi; Dioguardi, Fabio; Woodhouse, Mark; Björnsson, Halldór; Barsotti, Sara; Witt, Tanja; Walter, Thomas R. (Elsevier BV, 2018-07)
    Meaningful forecasting of the atmospheric concentration and ground accumulation of volcanic ash during explo-sive eruptions requires detailed knowledge of the eruption source parameters. However, due to the large uncer-tainties in observations and ...
  • Dürig, Tobias; Ross, Pierre-Simon; Dellino, Pierfrancesco; White, James D. L.; Mele, Daniela; Comida, Pier Paolo (Springer Nature, 2021-10-30)
    Morphometric analyses are based on multiparametric datasets that describe quantitatively the shapes of objects. The stochastic nature of fracture-formation processes that break up magma during explosive eruptions yields mixtures of particles that have ...
  • Ross, Pierre-Simon; Dürig, Tobias; Comida, Pier Paolo; Lefebvre, Nathalie; White, James D. L.; Andronico, Daniele; Thivet, Simon; Eychenne, Julia; Gurioli, Lucia; Dürig, Tobias (Springer Nature, 2021-12-27)
    Juvenile pyroclasts, especially in the ash size range, provide important information on primary fragmentation processes, i.e., initial explosive magma fragmentation, and on the state of the magma both prior to and at the point of fragmentation and ...