Opin vísindi

Long-term follow-up of a high- and a low-intensity smoking cessation intervention in a dental setting– a randomized trial

Long-term follow-up of a high- and a low-intensity smoking cessation intervention in a dental setting– a randomized trial


Titill: Long-term follow-up of a high- and a low-intensity smoking cessation intervention in a dental setting– a randomized trial
Höfundur: Nohlert, Eva   orcid.org/0000-0003-1771-4635
Öhrvik, John
Tegelberg, Åke   orcid.org/0000-0002-2812-5409
Tilgren, Per
Helgason, Asgeir R.   orcid.org/0000-0002-0569-3067
Útgáfa: 2013-06-19
Tungumál: Enska
Umfang: 592
Háskóli/Stofnun: Reykjavík University (RU)
Háskólinn í Reykjavík (HR)
Svið: Viðskiptadeild (HR)
School of Business (RU)
Deild: Sálfræði (HR)
Psychology (RU)
Birtist í: BMC Public Health;13
ISSN: 1471-2458
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-592
Efnisorð: Tobacco cessation; Treatment intensity; Public health; Health care; Questionnaire; Reykingar; Fíkn; Heilbrigðisþjónusta
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/964

Skoða fulla færslu

Tilvitnun:

Nohlert, E., Öhrvik, J., Tegelberg, Å., Tillgren, P., & Helgason, Á. R. (2013). Long-term follow-up of a high- and a low-intensity smoking cessation intervention in a dental setting– a randomized trial. BMC Public Health, 13, 592. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-592

Útdráttur:

Background: Achieving lifelong tobacco abstinence is an important public health goal. Most studies use 1-year follow-ups, but little is known about how good these are as proxies for long-term and life-long abstinence. Also, intervention intensity is an important issue for development of efficient and cost-effective cessation treatment protocols. The study aims were to assess the long-term effectiveness of a high- and a low-intensity treatment (HIT and LIT) for smoking cessation and to analyze to what extent 12-month abstinence predicted long-term abstinence. Methods: 300 smokers attending dental or general health care were randomly assigned to HIT or LIT at the public dental clinic. Main outcome measures were self-reported point prevalence, continuous abstinence (≥6 months), and sustained abstinence. The study was a follow-up after 5–8 years of a previously performed 12-month follow-up, both by postal questionnaires. Results: Response rate was 85% (n=241) of those still alive and living in Sweden. Abstinence rates were 8% higher in both programs at the long-term than at the 12-month follow-up. The difference of 7% between HIT and LIT had not change, being 31% vs. 24% for point prevalence and 26% vs. 19% for 6-month continuous abstinence, respectively. Significantly more participants in HIT (12%) than in LIT (5%) had been sustained abstinent (p=0.03). Logistic regression analyses showed that abstinence at 12-month follow-up was a strong predictor for abstinence at long-term follow-up. Conclusions: Abstinence at 12-month follow-up is a good predictor for long-term abstinence. The difference in outcome between HIT and LIT for smoking cessation remains at least 5–8 years after the intervention. Trial registration number: NCT00670514 Keywords: Tobacco cessation, Treatment intensity, Public health, Health care, Questionnaire

Athugasemdir:

Publisher's version (útgefin grein)

Leyfi:

© 2013 Nohlert et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Skrár

Þetta verk birtist í eftirfarandi safni/söfnum:


Fletta

Um vefinn

Reikningurinn minn