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Body silhouettes as a tool to reflect obesity in the past

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Lønnebotn, Marianne
dc.contributor.author Svanes, Cecilie
dc.contributor.author Igland, Jannicke
dc.contributor.author Franklin, Karl A.
dc.contributor.author Accordini, Simone
dc.contributor.author Benediktsdóttir, Bryndís
dc.contributor.author Bentouhami, Hayat
dc.contributor.author Blanco, José A. G.
dc.contributor.author Bono, Roberto
dc.contributor.author Corsico, Angelo
dc.contributor.author Demoly, Pascal
dc.contributor.author Dharmage, Shyamali
dc.contributor.author Dorado Arenas, Sandra
dc.contributor.author Garcia, Judith
dc.contributor.author Heinrich, Joachim
dc.contributor.author Holm, Mathias
dc.contributor.author Janson, Christer
dc.contributor.author Jarvis, Debbie
dc.contributor.author Leynaert, Bénédicte
dc.contributor.author Martinez-Moratalla, Jesús
dc.contributor.author Nowak, Dennis
dc.contributor.author Pin, Isabelle
dc.contributor.author Raherison-Semjen, Chantal
dc.contributor.author Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis
dc.contributor.author Schlünssen, Vivi
dc.contributor.author Skulstad, Svein Magne
dc.contributor.author Dratva, Julia
dc.contributor.author Gómez Real, Francisco
dc.date.accessioned 2018-12-03T11:23:29Z
dc.date.available 2018-12-03T11:23:29Z
dc.date.issued 2018-04-25
dc.identifier.citation Lønnebotn M, Svanes C, Igland J, Franklin KA, Accordini S, Benediktsdóttir B, et al. (2018) Body silhouettes as a tool to reflect obesity in the past. PLoS ONE 13(4): e0195697. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0195697
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/933
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein)
dc.description.abstract Life course data on obesity may enrich the quality of epidemiologic studies analysing health consequences of obesity. However, achieving such data may require substantial resources. We investigated the use of body silhouettes in adults as a tool to reflect obesity in the past. We used large population-based samples to analyse to what extent self-reported body silhouettes correlated with the previously measured (9–23 years) body mass index (BMI) from both measured (European Community Respiratory Health Survey, N = 3 041) and self-reported (Respiratory Health In Northern Europe study, N = 3 410) height and weight. We calculated Spearman correlation between BMI and body silhouettes and ROC-curve analyses for identifying obesity (BMI ≥30) at ages 30 and 45 years. Spearman correlations between measured BMI age 30 (±2y) or 45 (±2y) and body silhouettes in women and men were between 0.62–0.66 and correlations for self-reported BMI were between 0.58–0.70. The area under the curve for identification of obesity at age 30 using body silhouettes vs previously measured BMI at age 30 (±2y) was 0.92 (95% CI 0.87, 0.97) and 0.85 (95% CI 0.75, 0.95) in women and men, respectively; for previously self-reported BMI, 0.92 (95% CI 0.88, 0.95) and 0.90 (95% CI 0.85, 0.96). Our study suggests that body silhouettes are a useful epidemiological tool, enabling retrospective differentiation of obesity and non-obesity in adult women and men.
dc.description.sponsorship The project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No 633212. The co-ordination of ECRHS I and ECRHS I was supported by the European Commission. The co-ordination of ECRHS III was supported by the Medical Research Council (Grant Number 92091). The co-ordination of the RHINE study is led by Professor C. Janson at the Uppsala University. The funding sources for the local ECRHS and RHINE studies are provided in the on-line supplement.
dc.format.extent e0195697
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.relation info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/633212
dc.relation.ispartofseries Plos One;13(4)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Obesity
dc.subject Body mass index
dc.subject Physiological parameters
dc.subject Health surveys
dc.subject Epidemiology
dc.subject Offita
dc.subject Lífeðlisfræði
dc.subject Faraldsfræði
dc.title Body silhouettes as a tool to reflect obesity in the past
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Plos One
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0195697
dc.relation.url http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0195697
dc.contributor.department Læknadeild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Medicine (UI)
dc.contributor.school Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Health Sciences (UI)

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