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Motor Skill Development in Italian Pre-School Children Induced by Structured Activities in a Specific Playground

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dc.contributor Háskólinn í Reykjavík
dc.contributor Reykjavik University
dc.contributor.author Tortella, Patrizia
dc.contributor.author Loras, Håvard
dc.contributor.author Sigmundsson, Hermundur
dc.contributor.author Fumagalli, Guido
dc.contributor.author Haga, Monika
dc.contributor.author Sigmundsson, Hermundur
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-22T10:25:05Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-22T10:25:05Z
dc.date.issued 2016-07-27
dc.identifier.citation Tortella P, Haga M, Loras H, Sigmundsson H, Fumagalli G (2016) Motor Skill Development in Italian Pre-School Children Induced by Structured Activities in a Specific Playground. PLoS ONE 11(7): e0160244. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160244
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203 (eISSN)
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/918
dc.description The authors received no specific funding for this work. PT is supported by an institutional fellowship of the University of Verona. The non-profit Association Laboratorio 0246, Treviso, Italy, has provided free use of the playground and has offered at no cost secretarial organization. The Comitato Olimpico Nazionale Italiano, section of Treviso, has offered technical help at no cost.
dc.description.abstract This study examined the effects and specificity of structured and unstructured activities played at the playground Primo Sport 0246 in Northern Italy on motor skill competence in five years old children. The playground was specifically designed to promote gross motor skills in preschool children; in this study 71 children from local kindergartens came to the park once a week for ten consecutive weeks and were exposed to 30 minutes of free play and 30 minutes of structured activities. Before and after the ten visits, each child completed nine tests to assess levels of motor skills, three for fine-motor skills and six for gross-motor skills. As control, motor skills were also assessed on 39 children from different kindergartens who did not come to the park. The results show that the experimental group who practiced gross-motor activities in the playground for 1 hour a week for 10 weeks improved significantly in 4 out of the 6 gross motor tasks and in none of the fine motor tasks. The data indicate that limited transfer occurred between tasks referring to different domains of motor competences while suggesting cross feeding for improvement of gross-motor skills between different exercises when domains related to physical fitness and strength of specific muscle groups are involved. These results are relevant to the issue of condition(s) appropriate for maintaining and developing motor skills in this age group as well as for the planning, organization and implementation of play and physical activities in kindergartens.
dc.format.extent e0160244
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
dc.relation.ispartofseries Plos One;11(7)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Physical activity
dc.subject Pre-school children
dc.subject Cardiovascular diseases
dc.subject Coordination disorder
dc.subject Movement difficulties
dc.subject Obesity
dc.subject Fitness
dc.subject Play
dc.subject Hreyfing (heilsurækt)
dc.subject Leikskólabörn
dc.subject Blóðrásarsjúkdómar
dc.subject Samhæfingarröskun
dc.subject Hreyfingar (lífeðlisfræði)
dc.subject Offita
dc.subject Leikur
dc.title Motor Skill Development in Italian Pre-School Children Induced by Structured Activities in a Specific Playground
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Plos One
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0160244
dc.relation.url http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160244
dc.contributor.school Tækni- og verkfræðideild (HR)
dc.contributor.school School of Science and Engineering (RU)

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