Opin vísindi

Long-term outcome of children with autism who received different forms of early intervention during their preschool years: a pilot study of 15 young adults

Long-term outcome of children with autism who received different forms of early intervention during their preschool years: a pilot study of 15 young adults


Titill: Long-term outcome of children with autism who received different forms of early intervention during their preschool years: a pilot study of 15 young adults
Höfundur: Jónsdóttir, Sigrídur Lóa   orcid.org/0000-0001-7688-8294
Brynjarsdóttir, Birta
Sæmundsen, Evald E.
Sigurðsson, Jón Friðrik
Útgáfa: 2018
Tungumál: Enska
Umfang: 28-39
Háskóli/Stofnun: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
Háskólinn í Reykjavík
Reykjavik University
Svið: Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Health Sciences (UI)
Deild: Læknadeild (HÍ)
Faculty of Medicine (UI)
Sálfræðideild (HÍ)
Faculty of Psychology (UI)
Viðskiptadeild (HR)
School of Business (RU)
Birtist í: Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology;6(1)
ISSN: 2245-8875
DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2018-006
Efnisorð: Adulthood; Autism; Early intervention,; Long-term outcome; Einhverfa; Einhverfir; Langtímarannsóknir; Ungt fólk; Snemmtæk íhlutun
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/757

Skoða fulla færslu

Tilvitnun:

Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology. VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 1 , ISSN (Online) 2245-8875, DOI: 10.21307/sjcapp-2018-006, July 2018 © 2018.

Útdráttur:

Background: Studies on early intervention have reported significant gains for many children with autism. Knowledge on how these children fare in adulthood is limited. Objective: To examine long-term outcome of children with autism who received different forms of early intervention. Method: Participants were 15 young people who had all been diagnosed with ICD-10 childhood autism during the preschool years. Five received intervention based on the UCLA model for early intensive behavioral intervention, and 10 received eclectic treatment. Participants were followed from their first autism diagnosis during the preschool years (time 1) to the age of six years (time 2). The participants are now in their twenties (time 3), and at this point in time, information on autism symptoms, co-occurring disorders, quality of life, functioning, participation, adaptive behavior, and overall outcome was gathered from parents. Six of the participants answered questionnaires on quality of life, functioning, and participation. Results: The groups were comparable on all measures at time 1. Reassessment at time 2 showed that the early intensive behavioral intervention group had made significant gains in IQ, and that autism symptoms had decreased significantly, whereas such changes were not found for the eclectic treatment group. At time 3, most participants had considerable autism symptoms. Approximately half of them had received diagnosis of a co-occurring condition. Their quality of life and adaptive behavior was less favorable than that of the general population, but only a third had “poor” overall outcome. However, at time 3, hardly any differences were found between the groups. Conclusions: To maintain gains made during the preschool years, appropriate intervention and services may need to be extended into adulthood. These services should take into account the perceived needs of the individual, as expressed by himself/herself and his/her family.

Leyfi:

CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0

Skrár

Þetta verk birtist í eftirfarandi safni/söfnum:


Fletta

Um vefinn

Reikningurinn minn