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Consequences of population change for local abundance and site occupancy of wintering waterbirds

Consequences of population change for local abundance and site occupancy of wintering waterbirds


Titill: Consequences of population change for local abundance and site occupancy of wintering waterbirds
Höfundur: Méndez, Verónica
Gill, Jennifer A.
Alves, Jose   orcid.org/0000-0001-7182-0936
Burton, Niall H. K.
Davies, Richard G.
Útgáfa: 2017-09-20
Tungumál: Enska
Umfang: 24-35
Háskóli/Stofnun: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
Deild: Rannsóknasetur Suðurlandi (HÍ)
Research Centre in South Iceland (UI)
Birtist í: Diversity and Distributions;24(1)
ISSN: 1366-9516
1472-4642 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12653
Efnisorð: Local abundance; Occupancy; Population dynamics; Population threshold; Shorebirds; Site protection; Vaðfuglar; Búsvæði; Íbúafjöldi; Vistfræði
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/692

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Tilvitnun:

Méndez, V., Gill, J. A., Alves, J. A., Burton, N. H. K., Davies, R. G., & Regan, H. (2018). Consequences of population change for local abundance and site occupancy of wintering waterbirds. Diversity and Distributions, 24(1), 24-35. doi:doi:10.1111/ddi.12653

Útdráttur:

Aim Population size changes can lead to changes in local abundance and/or site occupancy, depending on the processes influencing site use by individuals. Here, we quantify such changes for wintering waterbirds and assess their implications for widely used conservation strategies in which sites that support in excess of a given proportion of a population are prioritized for protection. Location Britain. Methods We use long‐term survey data to quantify changes in population size and distribution for 19 waterbird species across Britain. Results Population changes in these species have varied greatly (from declines of ~25% to increases of >1,600%) over 26 years, and we show that change in local abundance was the predominant consequence of these changes, while colonization of new sites mainly occurred in response to large population increases. For most species, changes in abundance and occupancy were spatially dependent over relatively short distances, consistent with (but not conclusive of) density‐dependent spillover. Levels of occupancy among species were negatively associated with proportions of sites, and populations within sites, exceeding the 1% of total population threshold for site protection. For species increasing in overall population size, the occurrence of small incipient populations at new sites resulted in declines in the number of sites supporting >1% of the total population and the proportion of the population supported by these sites. Main conclusions Fluctuations in waterbird population size are more likely to result in changes in local abundance than distribution. Consequences of population change for site protection when abundance thresholds are used for site designation depend on shifts in the evenness of distribution of abundances across sites, and whether occupancy is increasing or decreasing. Range‐expanding species have an increased likelihood of losing some sites, and populations within sites, exceeding the 1% of total population threshold for site protection.

Leyfi:

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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