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Metabolic plasticity for subcutaneous fat accumulation in a long-distance migratory bird traced by 2 H 2 O

Metabolic plasticity for subcutaneous fat accumulation in a long-distance migratory bird traced by 2 H 2 O


Titill: Metabolic plasticity for subcutaneous fat accumulation in a long-distance migratory bird traced by 2 H 2 O
Höfundur: Viegas, Ivan
Araújo, Pedro M.
Rocha, Afonso D.
Villegas, Auxiliadora
Jones, John G.
Ramos, Jaime A.
Masero, José A.
Alves, Jose   orcid.org/0000-0001-7182-0936
Útgáfa: 2017-01-12
Tungumál: Enska
Umfang: 1072-1078
Háskóli/Stofnun: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
Deild: Rannsóknasetur Suðurlandi (HÍ)
Research Centre in South Iceland (UI)
Birtist í: The Journal of Experimental Biology;220(6)
ISSN: 0022-0949
1477-9145 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.1242/jeb.150490
Efnisorð: NMR; Deuterated water; Lipogenesis; Migration; Lipid accumulation; Godwits; Jaðrakan; Fuglafar
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/620

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Tilvitnun:

Viegas, I., Araújo, P. M., Rocha, A. D., Villegas, A., Jones, J. G., Ramos, J. A., . . . Alves, J. A. (2017). Metabolic plasticity for subcutaneous fat accumulation in a long-distance migratory bird traced by 2H2O. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 220(6), 1072-1078. doi:10.1242/jeb.150490

Útdráttur:

The migrant black-tailed godwit (Limosa limosa) traditionally used natural wetlands in the Iberian Peninsula to prepare for migratory flights by feeding mainly in estuaries. In recent decades, this species has become increasingly dependent on rice fields, thereby relying on a plant-based diet for fuelling. Dietary fatty acids (FA) seem to be determinant to the composition of accumulated subcutaneous fat in migratory birds. It is still unclear whether metabolic plasticity allows for modification and/or synthesis of FA, contributing to a lipid profile that enables a successful migratory performance. Deuterated water was administered to captive black-tailed godwits submitted to two diets (fly larvae versus rice) and the incorporation of deuterium (2H) into subcutaneous triglycerides was analyzed by NMR. A recently developed localized biopsy method for sampling subcutaneous fat was employed with later successful release of all birds into the wild. The average chemical structure reflected mostly a mixture of saturated and monounsaturated 16- and 18-carbon FA, a profile frequently found in migrant birds. Significantly higher levels of polyunsaturated FA, as well as detectable levels of n-3 FA, were observed in fly-larvae-fed birds. Excess 2H-enrichments in FA revealed significantly higher rates of fractional de novo lipogenesis and FA desaturation capacity in rice-fed birds. This novel and non-lethal tracer method revealed the capacity of this species to alter its lipid metabolism to compensate for a poorer dietary lipid contribution. Because of its versatility, adapting this method to other scenarios and/or other migratory species is considered feasible and cost-effective.

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