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Exploring the circumstances surrounding flood fatalities in Australia—1900–2015 and the implications for policy and practice

Exploring the circumstances surrounding flood fatalities in Australia—1900–2015 and the implications for policy and practice


Titill: Exploring the circumstances surrounding flood fatalities in Australia—1900–2015 and the implications for policy and practice
Höfundur: Haynes, Katharine
Coates, Lucinda
van den Honert, Rob
Gissing, Andrew
Bird, Deanne   orcid.org/0000-0001-8556-0987
Dimer de Oliveira, Felipe
D’Arcy, Rebecca
Smith, Chloe
Radford, Deirdre
Útgáfa: 2017-10
Tungumál: Enska
Umfang: 165-176
Háskóli/Stofnun: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
Svið: Verkfræði- og náttúruvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Engineering and Natural Sciences (UI)
Deild: Líf- og umhverfisvísindastofnun (HÍ)
Institute of Life and Environmental Sciences (UI)
Birtist í: Environmental Science & Policy;76
ISSN: 1462-9011
DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2017.07.003
Efnisorð: Vulnerability; Fatality; Flood; Hazard; Gender; Youth; Flóð; Banaslys; Kynferði; Ungt fólk; Náttúruhamfarir
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/551

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Tilvitnun:

Haynes, K., Coates, L., van den Honert, R., Gissing, A., Bird, D., Dimer de Oliveira, F., . . . Radford, D. (2017). Exploring the circumstances surrounding flood fatalities in Australia—1900–2015 and the implications for policy and practice. Environmental Science & Policy, 76, 165-176. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2017.07.003

Útdráttur:

This paper documents the analysis of the circumstances surrounding fatalities due to flooding in Australia between 1900 and 2015. This longitudinal investigation is important to understand changing trends in social vulnerability and to inform efficient and strategic risk reduction strategies. The basis of this analysis was PerilAUS, Risk Frontiers’ database of historical natural hazard impacts in Australia. This data was augmented and verified using coronial inquest records which provide detailed data concerning the social, demographic and environmental circumstances of each fatality. A statistical analysis of the data was undertaken, examining demographics (age, gender), location (state), seasonality, circumstances surrounding the fatality, environmental factors (e.g. the event intensity) and social factors (e.g. the decisions or actions which led to death). Overall there have been 1859 fatalities identified, with distinct trends in relation to gender, age, activity and reason behind the activity. Flood deaths have been declining. The majority of the fatalities are male (79.3%): however, since the 1960s the proportion of female to male fatalities has increased. Children and young adults (<29 years) make up the greatest proportion of the fatalities (53.8% of cases where age is known). The highest proportions of fatalities occurred while victims attempted to cross a flood-impacted bridge or road. The recommendations for emergency management policy and practice are discussed, outlining the need for a new approach that accounts for a continuum of measures including regulation and incentive, education and structural intervention.

Leyfi:

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).

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