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Choices and Dilemmas: Reproduction of classed and gendered power relations through parental practices

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.advisor Berglind Rós Magnúsdóttir og Annadís Greta Rúdólfsdóttir
dc.contributor.author Auðardóttir, Auður Magndís
dc.date.accessioned 2023-03-28T09:12:56Z
dc.date.available 2023-03-28T09:12:56Z
dc.date.issued 2021-04-15
dc.identifier.citation Auðardóttir, A. M. (2021). Choices and dilemmas: Reproduction of classed and gendered power relations through parental practices [doktorsritgerð]. Háskóli Íslands.
dc.identifier.isbn 978-9935-9534-5-2
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/4100
dc.description.abstract This thesis aims to explore how power relations are reproduced through parental choices and practices in Iceland, with a focus on classed and gendered dimensions. The thesis can be viewed as two separate yet connected parts. In the first part, I ask how parental practices contribute to class reproduction in Iceland, with a focus on school and neighbourhood choices. In the second part, I ask how the “good and worthy” parent is defined, with a focus on gendered family life in pandemic times. Three different datasets are used to achieve this overarching aim. In my exploration of school and neighbourhood choices, I use sixteen interviews with middle- or upper-class parents, thereof one father and fifteen mothers. Alongside these interviews, I use descriptive data on the socio economic background of families within the Reykjavík metropolitan area and families of children in private schools. The third dataset consists of ninety-seven stories of parenthood in pandemic times, collected with story completion method. Together these different datasets make possible a nuanced and diverse analysis of the topic in question. I analyse the data through the theoretical lens of Bourdieu and neoliberal governmentality. In particular, I use Bourdieu’s theories of the reproduction of class to explore if and how the middle class uses symbolic capital to reproduce class distinction, thereby enhancing privilege for their children through school and neighbourhood choices. In addition, I make use of feminist and post structuralist understanding of power relations. In this way I analyse the gendered and classed factors as they are shaped by choices, feelings, dilemmas, actions, words and discourses. Three scientific articles form the backbone of this thesis. Article 1 explores private school choice, Article 2 explores neighbourhood choice, and Article 3 is dedicated to manifestations of neoliberal governmentalities in pandemic parenthood. Together these articles achieve the aim of this thesis. On the whole we see that parenthood is now regarded as a social space that is fraught with dangers and pitfalls. The danger of the parent making the wrong choice of school (Article 1), neighbourhood (Article 2) or daily habits (Article 3) is ever-present. This presents the risk of the parents’ symbolic capital not being transmitted to the children. The instability of the rules of the social space of parenthood fuels this risk, which in turn creates 6 anxiety for the parents in question – in particular the mothers. When this anxiety is triggered, it begets the self-governing by which the neoliberal governmentality operates. Parents (especially mothers) begin to question their every move and to self-govern their choices, habits and feelings. These processes are intimately linked to the construction of the fit mother who must choose wisely, be organised, optimistic and happy. This ethos and this subject positioning of mothers contribute to the reproduction of the gendered and classed power relations in Icelandic society.
dc.description.sponsorship Rannís og Jafnréttissjóður
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher University of Iceland, School of Education, Faculty of Education and Diversity
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Menntun
dc.subject Vald
dc.subject Foreldrar
dc.subject Grunnskólanemar
dc.subject Þjóðfélagsstéttir
dc.subject Doktorsritgerðir
dc.title Choices and Dilemmas: Reproduction of classed and gendered power relations through parental practices
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis
dcterms.license © 2021, Auður Magndís Auðardóttir
dc.contributor.department Deild menntunar og margbreytileika (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Education and Diversity (UI)
dc.contributor.school Menntavísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of education (UI)

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