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Syndromes of collateral-reported psychopathology for ages 18-59 in 18 Societies

Syndromes of collateral-reported psychopathology for ages 18-59 in 18 Societies


Titill: Syndromes of collateral-reported psychopathology for ages 18-59 in 18 Societies
Aðrir titlar: Síndromes psicopatológicos informados por personas allegadas a adultos de 18 a 59 años de edad en 18 países
Höfundur: Ivanova, Masha Y.
Achenbach, Thomas M.
Rescorla, Leslie A.
Turner, Lori V.
Árnadóttir, Hervör Alma   orcid.org/0000-0002-4391-3737
Au, Alma
Caldas, J. Carlos
Chaalal, Nebia
Chen, Yi Chuen
da Rocha, Marina M.
... 20 fleiri höfundar Sýna alla höfunda
Útgáfa: 2015-01
Tungumál: Enska
Umfang: 18-28
Háskóli/Stofnun: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
Svið: Félagsvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Health Sciences (UI)
Deild: Félagsráðgjafardeild (HÍ)
Faculty of Social Work (UI)
Birtist í: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology;15(1)
ISSN: 1697-2600
2174-0852 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijchp.2014.07.001
Efnisorð: Collateral reports; Multicultural; International; Adult Behavior Checklist; Descriptive survey study; Fjölmenning; Þvermenningarlegur samanburður; Rannsóknir; Sálmeinafræði
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/407

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Tilvitnun:

Ivanova, M. Y., Achenbach, T. M., Rescorla, L. A., Turner, L. V., Árnadóttir, H. A., Au, A., . . . Zasępa, E. (2015). Syndromes of collateral-reported psychopathology for ages 18-59 in 18 Societies. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 15(1), 18-28. doi:10.1016/j.ijchp.2014.07.001

Útdráttur:

 
The purpose was to advance research and clinical methodology for assessing psychopathology by testing the international generalizability of an 8-syndrome model derived from collateral ratings of adult behavioral, emotional, social, and thought problems. Collateral informants rated 8,582 18-59-year-old residents of 18 societies on the Adult Behavior Checklist (ABCL). Confirmatory factor analyses tested the fit of the 8-syndrome model to ratings from each society. The primary model fit index (Root Mean Square Error of Approximation) showed good model fit for all societies, while secondary indices (Tucker Lewis Index, Comparative Fit Index) showed acceptable to good fit for 17 societies. Factor loadings were robust across societies and items. Of the 5,007 estimated parameters, 4 (0.08%) were outside the admissible parameter space, but 95% confidence intervals included the admissible space, indicating that the 4 deviant parameters could be due to sampling fluctuations. The findings are consistent with previous evidence for the generalizability of the 8-syndrome model in self-ratings from 29 societies, and support the 8-syndrome model for operationalizing phenotypes of adult psychopathology from multi-informant ratings in diverse societies.
 
El propósito fue avanzar en la metodología clínica y de investigación de la evaluación psicopatológica mediante el examen de la generalización internacional de un modelo de 8 síndromes derivados de evaluaciones de personas allegadas a adultos, en sus problemas emocionales, sociales y de pensamiento. Informantes allegados a los adultos calificaron a 8.582 residentes de 18 países entre 18 y 59 anos ˜ de edad con el Adult Behavior Checklist (ABCL). Un análisis factorial confirmatorio examinó el ajuste del modelo de 8 síndromes a las puntuaciones provenientes de cada país. El índice primario de ajuste del modelo (RMSEA) mostró un buen ajuste del modelo para todas las sociedades, mientras que índices secundarios (TLI, CFI) mostraron un ajuste de aceptable a bueno para 17 países. Las cargas factoriales fueron robustas a través de los países e ítems. Los hallazgos son consistentes con evidencia previa existente para la generalización del modelo de 8 síndromes en autoinformes de 29 sociedades. Además, los resultados respaldan el modelo de 8 síndromes para operacionalizar fenotipos de psicopatología del adulto provenientes de evaluaciones de múltiples informantes en diversas sociedades.
 

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