Opin vísindi

You see what you look for : Targets and distractors in visual search can cause opposing serial dependencies

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dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Rafiei, Mohsen
dc.contributor.author Chetverikov, Andrey
dc.contributor.author Hansmann-Roth, Sabrina
dc.contributor.author Kristjánsson, Árni
dc.date.accessioned 2022-05-07T01:02:46Z
dc.date.available 2022-05-07T01:02:46Z
dc.date.issued 2021-09
dc.identifier.citation Rafiei , M , Chetverikov , A , Hansmann-Roth , S & Kristjánsson , Á 2021 , ' You see what you look for : Targets and distractors in visual search can cause opposing serial dependencies ' , Journal of Vision , vol. 21 , no. 10 , pp. 3 . https://doi.org/10.1167/JOV.21.10.3
dc.identifier.issn 1534-7362
dc.identifier.other PURE: 39932495
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 2ef12ee3-ce1f-4d73-8086-72860a911371
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85115281885
dc.identifier.other WOSLite: 000708879800015
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3151
dc.description Funding text Supported by a grant from the Icelandic Research Fund (173947-052) and the University of Iceland’s research fund. A.C. was supported by a Radboud Excellence Fellowship. Publisher Copyright: © 2021. All Rights Reserved.
dc.description.abstract Visual perception is, at any given moment, strongly influenced by its temporal context—what stimuli have recently been perceived and in what surroundings. We have previously shown that to-be-ignored items produce a bias upon subsequent perceptual decisions that acts in parallel with other biases induced by attended items. However, our previous investigations were confined to biases upon the perceived orientation of a visual search target, and it is unclear whether these biases influence perceptual decisions in a more general sense. Here, we test whether the biases from visual search targets and distractors affect the perceived orientation of a neutral test line, one that is neither a target nor a distractor. To do so, we asked participants to search for an oddly oriented line among distractors and report its location for a few trials and next presented a test line irrelevant to the search task. Participants were asked to report the orientation of the test line. Our results indicate that in tasks involving visual search, targets induce a positive bias upon a neutral test line if their orientations are similar, whereas distractors produce an attractive bias for similar test lines and a repulsive bias if the orientations of the test line and the average orientation of the distractors are far apart in feature space. In sum, our results show that both attentional role and proximity in feature space between previous and current stimuli determine the direction of biases in perceptual decisions.
dc.format.extent 13
dc.format.extent 3
dc.language.iso en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Vision; 21(10)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Skynjun
dc.subject Sjónskynjun
dc.subject perceptual bias
dc.subject visual attention
dc.subject visual search
dc.subject Vision, Ocular
dc.subject Bias
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Attention
dc.subject Visual Perception
dc.subject Sensory Systems
dc.subject Ophthalmology
dc.title You see what you look for : Targets and distractors in visual search can cause opposing serial dependencies
dc.type /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/researchoutputtypes/contributiontojournal/article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.pmid 34468704
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1167/JOV.21.10.3
dc.relation.url http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85115281885&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Psychology
dc.contributor.school Health Sciences


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