Opin vísindi

You see what you look for : Targets and distractors in visual search can cause opposing serial dependencies

You see what you look for : Targets and distractors in visual search can cause opposing serial dependencies


Title: You see what you look for : Targets and distractors in visual search can cause opposing serial dependencies
Author: Rafiei, Mohsen
Chetverikov, Andrey   orcid.org/0000-0003-2767-6310
Hansmann-Roth, Sabrina   orcid.org/0000-0002-2606-9095
Kristjánsson, Árni
Date: 2021-09
Language: English
Scope: 13
University/Institute: University of Iceland
School: Health Sciences
Department: Faculty of Psychology
Series: Journal of Vision; 21(10)
ISSN: 1534-7362
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1167/JOV.21.10.3
Subject: Skynjun; Sjónskynjun; perceptual bias; visual attention; visual search; Vision, Ocular; Bias; Humans; Attention; Visual Perception; Sensory Systems; Ophthalmology
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3151

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Citation:

Rafiei , M , Chetverikov , A , Hansmann-Roth , S & Kristjánsson , Á 2021 , ' You see what you look for : Targets and distractors in visual search can cause opposing serial dependencies ' , Journal of Vision , vol. 21 , no. 10 , pp. 3 . https://doi.org/10.1167/JOV.21.10.3

Abstract:

Visual perception is, at any given moment, strongly influenced by its temporal context—what stimuli have recently been perceived and in what surroundings. We have previously shown that to-be-ignored items produce a bias upon subsequent perceptual decisions that acts in parallel with other biases induced by attended items. However, our previous investigations were confined to biases upon the perceived orientation of a visual search target, and it is unclear whether these biases influence perceptual decisions in a more general sense. Here, we test whether the biases from visual search targets and distractors affect the perceived orientation of a neutral test line, one that is neither a target nor a distractor. To do so, we asked participants to search for an oddly oriented line among distractors and report its location for a few trials and next presented a test line irrelevant to the search task. Participants were asked to report the orientation of the test line. Our results indicate that in tasks involving visual search, targets induce a positive bias upon a neutral test line if their orientations are similar, whereas distractors produce an attractive bias for similar test lines and a repulsive bias if the orientations of the test line and the average orientation of the distractors are far apart in feature space. In sum, our results show that both attentional role and proximity in feature space between previous and current stimuli determine the direction of biases in perceptual decisions.

Description:

Funding text Supported by a grant from the Icelandic Research Fund (173947-052) and the University of Iceland’s research fund. A.C. was supported by a Radboud Excellence Fellowship. Publisher Copyright: © 2021. All Rights Reserved.

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