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Replacement of traditional prothrombin time monitoring with the new Fiix prothrombin time increases the efficacy of warfarin without increasing bleeding. A review article

Replacement of traditional prothrombin time monitoring with the new Fiix prothrombin time increases the efficacy of warfarin without increasing bleeding. A review article


Title: Replacement of traditional prothrombin time monitoring with the new Fiix prothrombin time increases the efficacy of warfarin without increasing bleeding. A review article
Author: Önundarson, Páll Torfi
Palsson, Ragnar
Witt, Daniel M.
Gudmundsdottir, Brynja R.
Date: 2021-10-15
Language: English
Scope: 72
Department: Faculty of Medicine
Clinical Laboratory Services, Diagnostics and Blood Bank
Series: Thrombosis Journal; 19(1)
ISSN: 1477-9560
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12959-021-00327-1
Subject: Blóðþynningarlyf; Fiix; Monitoring; Oral anticoagulation; Prothrombin time; Warfarin; Hematology
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3112

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Citation:

Önundarson , P T , Palsson , R , Witt , D M & Gudmundsdottir , B R 2021 , ' Replacement of traditional prothrombin time monitoring with the new Fiix prothrombin time increases the efficacy of warfarin without increasing bleeding. A review article ' , Thrombosis Journal , vol. 19 , no. 1 , 72 , pp. 72 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12959-021-00327-1

Abstract:

The antithrombotic effect of vitamin K antagonists (VKA) depends on controlled lowering of the activity of factors (F) II and X whereas reductions in FVII and FIX play little role. PT-INR based monitoring, however, is highly influenced by FVII, which has the shortest half-life of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. Hence, variability in the anticoagulant effect of VKA may be partly secondary to an inherent flaw of the traditional monitoring test itself. The Fiix prothrombin time (Fiix-PT) is a novel test that is only sensitive to reductions in FII and FX and is intended to stabilize the VKA effect. Two clinical studies have now demonstrated that when warfarin is monitored with the Fiix-PT based normalized ratio (Fiix-NR) instead of PT-INR, anticoagulation is stabilized and less testing and fewer dose adjustments are needed. Furthermore, the relative risk of thromboembolism was reduced by 50–56% in these studies without an increase in major bleeding.

Description:

Publisher Copyright: © 2021, The Author(s). Supported by the RANNIS technology development fund (The Icelandic Center for Research, rannis@rannis.is). The funding source had no contribution to the scientific work or writing of the text.

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