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Surrogate-Assisted Design of Checkerboard Metasurface for Broadband Radar Cross-Section Reduction

Surrogate-Assisted Design of Checkerboard Metasurface for Broadband Radar Cross-Section Reduction


Title: Surrogate-Assisted Design of Checkerboard Metasurface for Broadband Radar Cross-Section Reduction
Author: Abdullah, Muhammad
Koziel, Slawomir   orcid.org/0000-0002-0584-4427
Date: 2021
Language: English
Scope: 46744-46754
University/Institute: Háskólinn í Reykjavík
Reykjavik University
School: Tæknisvið (HR)
School of Technology (RU)
Department: Engineering Optimization & Modeling Center (EOMC) (RU)
Series: IEEE Access;9
ISSN: 2169-3536
DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3068011
Subject: Metasurfaces; Surrogate modeling; Scattering manipulation; Checkerboard configuration; Radar cross-section (RCS); Broadband; Rafeindafræði; Fjarskiptatækni
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2620

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Citation:

M. Abdullah and S. Koziel, “Surrogate-Assisted Design of Checkerboard Metasurface for Broadband Radar Cross-Section Reduction,” IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 46744–46754, 2021, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3068011

Abstract:

Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antennas are considered to be the key components of fifth generation (5G) mobile communications. One of the challenges pertinent to the design of highly integrated MIMO structures is to minimize the mutual coupling among the antenna elements. The latter arises from two sources, the coupling in the free space and the coupling currents propagating on a ground plane. In this paper, an array of H-shaped parasitic patches is proposed as a decoupling structure for compact MIMO antennas to reduce propagation of the coupling currents on a shared ground plane. The proposed decoupling structure is generic, and it can be applied to different antenna configurations as demonstrated in the work. Furthermore, it is employed to develop a new high-performance compact dual-band MIMO structure featuring acceptable level of element coupling at both operating frequencies. The design is validated both numerically and experimentally. The mutual coupling levels are less than -17 dB and -20 dB, with the total efficiency of 89% and 90%, and the realized gain of 6.6 dB and 7 dB at the two resonant frequencies of 5 GHz and 6 GHz, respectively. Topological complexity of the compact MIMO systems featuring elaborated decoupling structures, a large number of geometry parameters, as well as the necessity of handling multiple performance figures, constitute the major challenges of antenna design, in particular, its re-design for various specifications. To alleviate these difficulties, the paper also provides a procedure for rapid geometry scaling of the dual-band MIMO antennas. Our approach is based on inverse surrogate modeling methods, and results in numerically-derived expressions that enable a precise control over the operating antenna bands within broad ranges thereof (from 4 GHz to 8 GHz for the lower band, and from 1.1 to 1.3 ratio of the upper to lower operating frequency). The aforementioned procedure is accompanied by an optimization-based design refinement scheme. A practical utility of the procedure is corroborated using multiple verification case studies as well as physical measurements of the antenna designed for the exemplary set of performance specifications.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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