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Adolescent Sport Participation and Age at Menarche in Relation to Midlife Body Composition, Bone Mineral Density, Fitness, and Physical Activity

Adolescent Sport Participation and Age at Menarche in Relation to Midlife Body Composition, Bone Mineral Density, Fitness, and Physical Activity


Title: Adolescent Sport Participation and Age at Menarche in Relation to Midlife Body Composition, Bone Mineral Density, Fitness, and Physical Activity
Author: Ravi, Suvi
Kujala, Urho M.
Tammelin, Tuija H.
Hirvensalo, Mirja
Kovanen, Vuokko
Valtonen, Maarit
Waller, Benjamin
Aukee, Pauliina
Sipilä, Sarianna
Laakkonen, Eija K.
Date: 2020-11-24
Language: English
Scope: 3797
University/Institute: Háskólinn í Reykjavík
Reykjavik University
School: Samfélagssvið (HR)
School of Social Sciences (RU)
Department: Íþróttafræðideild (HR)
Department of Sport Science (RU)
Physical Activity, Physical Education, Health and Sport Research Centre (PAPESH)
Series: Journal of Clinical Medicine;9(12)
ISSN: 2077-0383 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.3390/jcm9123797
Subject: Adolescent athletes; Female athletes; Age at menarche; Body composition; Bone mineral density; Physical performance; Physical activity; Íþróttafólk; Unglingar; Konur; Tíðir kvenna; Kynþroski; Líkamsástand; Beinþéttni; Líkamsástand; Hreyfing (heilsurækt)
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2509

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Citation:

Ravi, S., Kujala, U. M., Tammelin, T. H., Hirvensalo, M., Kovanen, V., Valtonen, M., Waller, B., Aukee, P., Sipila, S., & Laakkonen, E. K. (2020). Adolescent Sport Participation and Age at Menarche in Relation to Midlife Body Composition, Bone Mineral Density, Fitness, and Physical Activity. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9(12), 3797. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9123797

Abstract:

This study aimed to investigate the associations of competitive sport participation in adolescence and age at menarche (AAM) with body composition, femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD), physical performance, and physical activity (PA) in middle-aged women. 1098 women aged 47-55 years formed the sample of this retrospective study. Participants self-reported their PA level at age 13-16 years and AAM. The protocol also included dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, physical performance tests, and accelerometer-measured PA. Participants were divided into three groups according to their PA level at the age of 13-16 (no exercise, regular PA, and competitive sport) and according to their AAM (<= 12, 13, and >= 14 years). After adjusting for potential confounding factors, participation in competitive sport at age 13-16 was associated with higher midlife lean mass and BMD, and better physical performance compared to groups with no exercise or regular PA. Individuals with AAM >= 14 years had lower midlife BMI and fat mass than participants in the other AAM groups and pre- and perimenopausal women with AAM >= 14 years had lower BMD than those with AAM <= 12. The findings indicate that participation in competitive sport in adolescence is associated with healthier body composition, higher BMD, and better physical performance in midlife, but BMD might be impaired if menarche occurs late.

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this article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution(CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

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