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Do Interest Rates Affect the Exchange Rate Under Capital controls? An event study of Iceland’s experience with capital controls

Do Interest Rates Affect the Exchange Rate Under Capital controls? An event study of Iceland’s experience with capital controls


Titill: Do Interest Rates Affect the Exchange Rate Under Capital controls? An event study of Iceland’s experience with capital controls
Höfundur: Arnórsson, Ágúst
Zoega, Gylfi   orcid.org/0000-0002-7293-4596
Útgáfa: 2016
Tungumál: Enska
Umfang: 1-16
Háskóli/Stofnun: Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland
Svið: Félagsvísindasvið (HÍ)
School of Social Sciences (UI)
Deild: Hagfræðideild (HÍ)
Faculty of Economics (UI)
Birtist í: Tímarit um viðskipti og efnahagsmál;13(1)
ISSN: 1670-4444
1670-4851 (e-ISSN)
DOI: doi.org/10.24122/tve.a.2016.13.1.4
Efnisorð: Financial crisis; Policy rates; Exchange rates; Fjármálakreppur; Gjaldeyrishöft; Gengismál; Vextir
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/213

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Tilvitnun:

Ágúst Arnórsson, Gylfi Zoega. (2016). Do Interest Rates Affect the Exchange Rate Under Capital controls? An event study of Iceland’s experience with capital controls. Tímarit um viðskipti og efnahagsmál, 13(1), 1-16. Doi:10.24122/tve.a.2016.13.1.4

Útdráttur:

 
We study Iceland’s experience with capital controls, in particular whether changes in the central bank’s policy rate affected the exchange rate under the capital control regime from 2009 to 2015.We find that both actual changes and unexpected changes in interest rates may have affected the exchange rate when the year 2009 is included in a sample that ends in August of 2015, but not when it is excluded. This early period was characterized by lax capital controls until November of 2009. It follows that, based on the experience of the moderate changes of interest rates observed in the data, changes in interest rates may affect the exchange rate when capital controls are not effectively enforced but will have a small, if any, effect when they are enforced. It should be noted that the results are based on the experience of moderate interest rate changes during this time period. Moreover, interest rates affect other variables, such as aggregate demand and the rate of wage inflation.
 
Við könnum reynslu Íslands af fjármagnshöftum með áherslu á áhrif vaxtabreytinga á gengi krónunnar frá 2009 til 2015. Niðurstöður benda til þess að áhrif vaxtabreytinga einskorðist við árið 2009 en þá var eftirlit með fjármagnshöftum lítið. Ekki er unnt að finna marktæk áhrif vaxtabreytinga eftir að eftirlit með fjármagnshöftum var eflt í nóvember 2009. Taka verður fram að þessar niðurstöður byggja á þeim varkáru breytingum vaxta sem urðu á þessum árum. Jafnframt er ljóst að vextir hafa önnur áhrif en á gengi, t.d. á heildareftirspurn og launaþróun.
 

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