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Longitudinal association between social media use and psychological distress among adolescents

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dc.contributor Háskólinn í Reykjavík
dc.contributor Reykjavik University
dc.contributor.author Thorisdottir, Ingibjorg
dc.contributor.author Sigurvinsdottir, Rannveig
dc.contributor.author Kristjansson, Alfgeir
dc.contributor.author Allegrante, John P.
dc.contributor.author Lilly, Christa L.
dc.contributor.author Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora
dc.date.accessioned 2020-10-16T15:53:04Z
dc.date.available 2020-10-16T15:53:04Z
dc.date.issued 2020-12
dc.identifier.citation Thorisdottir, IE., Sigurvinsdottir, R., Kristjansson, AL., Allegrante, PJ., Lilly, CL., Sigfusdottir, ID. (2020). Longitudinal association between social media and psychological distress among adolescents. Preventive Medicine, 141. DOI:10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.106270
dc.identifier.issn 0091-7435
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2122
dc.description Pre-print (óútgefið handrit)
dc.description.abstract This study aimed to examine in a longitudinal cohort design whether social media use among adolescents is related to symptoms of social anxiety, depressed mood, and physical symptoms of anxiety over time. As part of the LIFECOURSE study of risk and protective factors for healthy adolescent development, three waves of school-based surveys of adolescents born in Iceland in 2004 were analyzed. Of the 3914 eligible adolescents, 2378 gave informed consent. Complete responses for this study were collected from 2211 students at the first wave, with 2052 responding roughly 12 months later, and 2097 responding in year 3. Linear mixed-effects models were used to analyze time spent on social media in relation to psychological distress over time. More time spent on social media was weakly but significantly associated with increased symptoms of depressed mood, social anxiety and symptoms of physical anxiety over time. However, the effect size of these relationships suggest they may not be of clinical relevance. The relationship between time spent on social media and symptoms of depressed mood and physical symptoms of anxiety grew stronger over time, although it is not known if this relationship is causal. The relationship between time spent on social media and all outcomes of psychological distress were stronger for girls than boys and increased social media use had a positive relationship with symptoms of depressed mood over time. The relationships found in this study were relatively small and future studies need to focus on the clinical and public health significance of these effects.
dc.description.sponsorship The European Research Council (ERC) award ERC-CoG-2014-647860 supported this work and I.E.T was funded by a PhD research grant awarded by the Icelandic Centre for Research (No. 174030–051). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the ERC or Icelandic Centre for Research or other entities with which the authors are affiliated.
dc.format.extent 106270
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartofseries Preventive Medicine;141
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess
dc.subject Adolescents
dc.subject Symptoms of anxiety
dc.subject Longitudinal studies
dc.subject Social media use
dc.subject Symptoms of depressed mood
dc.subject Unglingar
dc.subject Kvíði
dc.subject Langtímarannsóknir
dc.subject Samfélagsmiðlar
dc.subject Þunglyndi
dc.title Longitudinal association between social media use and psychological distress among adolescents
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license Pre-print (óútgefið handrit)
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Preventive Medicine
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.106270
dc.contributor.department Sálfræðideild (HR)
dc.contributor.department Department of Psychology (RU)
dc.contributor.school Samfélagssvið (HR)
dc.contributor.school School of Social Sciences (RU)


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