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The devil is not only in the details: gist and detail elaboration in intoxicated witnesses’ reports of interpersonal violence

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dc.contributor Háskólinn í Reykjavík
dc.contributor Reykjavik University
dc.contributor.author Hildebrand Karlén, Malin
dc.contributor.author Roos af Hjelmsäter, Emma
dc.contributor.author Gudjonsson, Gisli
dc.date.accessioned 2020-10-12T12:54:15Z
dc.date.available 2020-10-12T12:54:15Z
dc.date.issued 2018-10-06
dc.identifier.citation Karlen, M. H., af Hjelmsaeter, E. R., & Gudjonsson, G. H. (2019). The devil is not only in the details: Gist and detail elaboration in intoxicated witnesses’ reports of interpersonal violence. Psychology Crime & Law, 25(4), 319–344. https://doi.org/10.1080/1068316X.2018.1526936
dc.identifier.issn 1068-316X
dc.identifier.issn 1477-2744 (eISSN)
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/2110
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein)
dc.description.abstract The empirical base relating to alcohol's effects on underlying memory mechanisms among witnesses is sparse. Therefore, the effect of alcohol intoxication on memory mechanisms was investigated, as well as how degree of intoxication and interview delay affected gist and detail elaboration in these witnesses' reports. Participants (n = 136) were randomized to an alcohol group (men: 0.8 g/kg, women: 0.75 g/kg) (n = 70) or a control group (n = 66), given juice. After consumption, they witnessed an intimate partner violence-scenario, and performed tasks assessing memory mechanisms. Half of the intoxicated and sober groups were interviewed immediately. The remaining participants were interviewed one week later. Inter alia, intoxication decreased total gist recall and elaboration capacity. In general, high intoxication (BAC = 0.08-0.15) made witnesses report fewer gist categories, and also to elaborate them less, but there were differences in gist/detail elaboration between levels of intoxication due to emotional context. Less reported information among intoxicated witnesses was caused both by omitting parts of the scenario and to less detailed elaboration. Emotional context influenced reporting among intoxicated witnesses on a gist and detail level. However, intoxication had less impact on gist/detail-elaboration than did a one week delay before interview, suggesting that witnesses should be interviewed immediately, despite intoxication.
dc.description.sponsorship The Swedish Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority [grant number 03403/2009].
dc.format.extent 319-344
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Informa UK Limited
dc.relation.ispartofseries Psychology, Crime & Law;25(4)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Pathology and Forensic Medicine
dc.subject Law
dc.subject General Psychology
dc.subject Alcohol intoxication
dc.subject Eye witnesses
dc.subject Gist
dc.subject Level of detail
dc.subject Delayed interview
dc.subject Eyewitness memory
dc.subject Meinafræði
dc.subject Réttarlæknisfræði
dc.subject Lög
dc.subject Sálfræði
dc.subject Áfengisneysla
dc.subject Víma
dc.subject Vitni
dc.subject Minni
dc.subject Framburður (lögfræði)
dc.subject Yfirheyrslur
dc.title The devil is not only in the details: gist and detail elaboration in intoxicated witnesses’ reports of interpersonal violence
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
dc.description.version "Peer Reviewed"
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/1068316X.2018.1526936
dc.relation.url https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/1068316X.2018.1526936
dc.contributor.school Viðskiptadeild (HR)
dc.contributor.school School of Business (RU)

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