Opin vísindi

Self-rated health and socio-economic status among older adults in Northern Iceland

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dc.contributor Háskóli Íslands
dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor Háskólinn á Akureyri
dc.contributor University of Akureyri
dc.contributor.author Sigurdardottir, Arun K.
dc.contributor.author Kristofersson, Gisli
dc.contributor.author Gustafsdottir, Sonja Stelly
dc.contributor.author Sigurðsson, Stefán B
dc.contributor.author Arnadottir, Solveig A
dc.contributor.author Steingrimsson, Jon
dc.contributor.author Gunnarsdottir, Elin
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-11T15:09:26Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-11T15:09:26Z
dc.date.issued 2019-11-29
dc.identifier.citation Arun K. Sigurdardottir, Gísli Kort Kristófersson, Sonja Stelly Gústafsdóttir, Stefan B Sigurdsson, Solveig A. Arnadottir, Jon Arni Steingrimsson & Elín Díanna Gunnarsdóttir (2019) Self-rated health and socio-economic status among older adults in Northern Iceland, International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 78:1, 1697476, DOI: 10.1080/22423982.2019.1697476
dc.identifier.issn 2242-3982
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1885
dc.description Publisher's version (útgefin grein)
dc.description.abstract Little is known about self-rated health (SRH) of older people living in more remote and Arctic areas. Iceland is a high-income country with one of the lowest rates of income inequality in the world, which may influence SRH. The research aim was to study factors affecting SRH, in such a population living in Northern Iceland. Stratified random sample according to the place of residency, age and gender was used and data collected via face-to-face interviews. Inclusion criteria included community-dwelling adults ≥65 years of age. Response rate was 57.9% (N = 175), average age 74.2 (sd 6.3) years, range 65–92 years and 57% were men. The average number of diagnosed diseases was 1.5 (sd 1.3) and prescribed medications 3.0 (sd 1.7). SRH ranged from 5 (excellent) to 1 (bad), with an average of 3.26 (sd 1.0) and no difference between the place of residency. Lower SRH was independently explained by depressed mood (OR = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.80–0.96), higher body mass index (OR = 0.93, 95% CI = 0.87–0.99), number of prescribed medications (OR = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.78–1.00) and perception of inadequate income (OR = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.21–0.98). The results highlight the importance of physical and mental health promotion for general health and for ageing in place and significance of economic factors as predictors of SRH.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by the Háskólinn á Akureyri [R-1803]; Icelandic Regional Development Institute (Byggðastofnun) [102022].
dc.format.extent 1697476
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Informa UK Limited
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal of Circumpolar Health;78(1)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Arctic areas
dc.subject Community dwelling
dc.subject Older people
dc.subject Rural health
dc.subject Dreifbýli
dc.subject Heilsufar
dc.subject Aldraðir
dc.title Self-rated health and socio-economic status among older adults in Northern Iceland
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal International Journal of Circumpolar Health
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/22423982.2019.1697476
dc.relation.url https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/22423982.2019.1697476
dc.contributor.department Læknadeild (HÍ)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Medicine (UI)
dc.contributor.school Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HA)
dc.contributor.school School of Health Sciences (UA)
dc.contributor.school Hug- og félagsvísindasvið (HA)
dc.contributor.school School of Humanities and Social Sciences (UA)
dc.contributor.school Heilbrigðisvísindasvið (HÍ)
dc.contributor.school School of Health Sciences (UI)

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