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Comparing Free Play and Partly Structured Play in 4-5-Years-Old Children in an Outdoor Playground

Comparing Free Play and Partly Structured Play in 4-5-Years-Old Children in an Outdoor Playground


Title: Comparing Free Play and Partly Structured Play in 4-5-Years-Old Children in an Outdoor Playground
Author: Tortella, Patrizia
Haga, Monika   orcid.org/0000-0002-3198-4351
Ingebrigtsen, Jan Erik
Fumagalli, Guido Francesco
Sigmundsson, Hermundur   orcid.org/0000-0003-2333-5711
Date: 2019-07-16
Language: English
Scope: 197
University/Institute: Háskólinn í Reykjavík
Reykjavik University
School: Tækni- og verkfræðideild (HR)
School of Science and Engineering (RU)
Department: Íþróttafræði (HR)
Sport Science (RU)
ISSN: 2296-2565 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2019.00197
Subject: Motor development; Movement skills; Outdoor play; Organization; Kindergarten; Children; Hreyfiþroski; Hreyfifærni; Útileikir; Hreyfileikir; Þjálfun; Leikskólar; Leikskólabörn; Motor Skills
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1723

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Citation:

Tortella, P., Haga, M., Ingebrigtsen, J. E., Fumagalli, G. F., & Sigmundsson, H. (2019). Comparing Free Play and Partly Structured Play in 4-5-Years-Old Children in an Outdoor Playground. Frontiers in Public Health, 7, 197. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00197

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to compare how the organization of a movement session as partly structured play or free play influenced the physical activity engagement in 4-5 years old pre-schoolers. The partly structured playgroup consisted of 46 children and the free playgroup consisted of 33 children. The playground activities consisted of 10 sessions each lasting 1 h, executed once per week in the period Mars to May 2017 at a specific playground setting. The partly structured playgroup conducted a movement activity session that included a combination of both structured- and free play activities. The free playgroup engaged in unstructured play, only. To detect the intensity of the physical activity each child carried an accelerometer 1 h the first week and last week of the intervention. Results indicate a significant difference in physical activity level between the two groups for the 5-year-old in the favor of the partly structured playgroup. There was a significant difference between the four-and 5-year-old in relation to physical activity level. No significant difference between the activity in March and May for the whole group was found.

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Publisher´s version (útgefin grein).

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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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