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A Randomized Controlled Trial on the Effects of Aerobic and Coordinative Training on Neural Correlates of Inhibitory Control in Children

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dc.contributor Háskólinn í Reykjavík
dc.contributor Reykjavik University
dc.contributor.author Ludyga, Sebastian
dc.contributor.author Koutsandréou, Flora
dc.contributor.author Reuter, Eva-Maria
dc.contributor.author Voelcker-Rehage, Claudia
dc.contributor.author Budde, Henning
dc.date.accessioned 2020-04-20T14:53:05Z
dc.date.available 2020-04-20T14:53:05Z
dc.date.issued 2019-02-04
dc.identifier.citation Ludyga, S., Koutsandreou, F., Reuter, E.-M., Voelcker-Rehage, C., & Budde, H. (2019). A Randomized Controlled Trial on the Effects of Aerobic and Coordinative Training on Neural Correlates of Inhibitory Control in Children. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8(2), 184. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020184
dc.identifier.issn 2077-0383
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1722
dc.description Publisher´s version (útgefin grein).
dc.description.abstract Whereas aerobic training has found to be beneficial for inhibitory control, less is known on the efficiency of other exercise types in children. The present study compared the effects of aerobic and coordinative training on behavioral and neurophysiological measures of inhibitory control. Forty-five children were randomly assigned (1:1:1 ratio) to groups performing aerobic training, coordinative training or assisted homework sessions over 10 weeks. Before and after intervention, all participants completed a Flanker task. The P300 component of event-related potentials elicited from the task was recorded via electroencephalography. Additionally, aerobic fitness and gross-motor skills were assessed using 20 m Shuttle Run and Heidelberg Gross-Motor Test, respectively. Statistical analyses revealed no time by group interactions for the P300 component (amplitude, latency), p = 0.976, eta(2) = 0.007, and behavioral performance (reaction time, accuracy), p = 0.570, eta(2) = 0.045. In contrast, there was a significant group-difference in pre- to post-test changes in aerobic fitness, p = 0.008, eta(2) = 0.246, with greater improvements following aerobic and coordinative training compared to assisted homework sessions. In conclusion, no differences regarding the efficiency of aerobic and coordinative training for the enhancement of inhibitory control were found as both exercise programs failed to elicit changes in speed and accuracy of stimulus evaluation and the allocation of attentional resources.
dc.description.sponsorship The German Research Foundation (BU 1837/5-2). Additionally, E.R. was supported by a UQ Postdoctoral Research Fellowship.
dc.format.extent 184
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher MDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Clinical Medicine;8(2)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Neuroscience
dc.subject Executive function
dc.subject Physical activity
dc.subject Aerobic fitness
dc.subject Flanker task
dc.subject Children
dc.subject Taugavísindi
dc.subject Sjálfstjórn (sálfræði)
dc.subject Hreyfing (heilsurækt)
dc.subject Þolfimi
dc.subject Hreyfifærni
dc.subject Heilastarfsemi
dc.subject Börn
dc.subject Heilarit
dc.subject.mesh Event Related Potentials, P300
dc.subject.mesh Motor Skills
dc.title A Randomized Controlled Trial on the Effects of Aerobic and Coordinative Training on Neural Correlates of Inhibitory Control in Children
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.description.version "Peer Reviewed"
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/jcm8020184
dc.relation.url http://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/8/2/184/pdf
dc.contributor.department Íþróttafræði (HR)
dc.contributor.department Sport Science (RU)
dc.contributor.department Physical Activity, Physical Education, Health and Sport Research Centre (PAPESH) (RU)
dc.contributor.school Tækni- og verkfræðideild (HR)
dc.contributor.school School of Science and Engineering (RU)

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