Opin vísindi

Stress among Parents of Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Comparison Involving Physiological Indicators and Parent Self-Reports

Show simple item record

dc.contributor Háskólinn í Reykjavík
dc.contributor Reykjavik University
dc.contributor.author Padden, Ciara
dc.contributor.author Jack, James
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-03T11:20:04Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-03T11:20:04Z
dc.date.issued 2017-03-31
dc.identifier.citation Padden, C., & James, J. E. (2017). Stress among Parents of Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Comparison Involving Physiological Indicators and Parent Self-Reports. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 29(4), 567–586. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10882-017-9547-z
dc.identifier.issn 1056-263X
dc.identifier.issn 1573-3580 (eISSN)
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1500
dc.description.abstract Parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have been reported as experiencing higher levels of stress and poorer physical health than parents of typically developing children. However, most of the relevant literature has been based on parental self-reports of stress and health. While research on physiological outcomes has grown in recent years, gaps still exist in our understanding of the physiological effects, if any, of stress related to parenting a child with ASD. The present study compared parent-reported stress, anxiety, and depression, as well as selected physiological measures of stress (i.e., cortisol, alpha-amylase, and ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate) between matched groups of parents of children with (N = 38) and without (N = 38) ASD. Participants completed questionnaires, collected saliva samples for the purpose of measuring cortisol and alpha-amylase, and wore an ambulatory blood pressure monitor for 24 h. Parents of children with ASD reported significantly higher levels of parental distress, anxiety, and depression than parents of typically developing children. Parent-reported distress, anxiety, depression, and health were not correlated with physiological measures. With the exception that parents of children with ASD had significantly lower cortisol levels 30 min after waking, no other significant group differences were found for physiological measures. Parents of children with ASD reported significantly higher use of a number of adaptive coping strategies (e.g., emotional support) in comparison to parents of typically developing children. Results are discussed in the context of implications for future research directions, stress research, and practical implications for parental support.
dc.description.sponsorship University of Kent
dc.format.extent 567-586
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Springer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities;29(4)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Autism spectrum disorders
dc.subject Children
dc.subject Parenting stress
dc.subject Cortisol
dc.subject Alpha-amylase
dc.subject Ambulatory blood pressure
dc.subject Einhverfa
dc.subject Börn
dc.subject Streita
dc.subject Foreldrar
dc.subject Hormónar
dc.subject Ensím
dc.subject Blóðþrýstingur
dc.title Stress among Parents of Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Comparison Involving Physiological Indicators and Parent Self-Reports
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dcterms.license This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 InternationalLicense (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s10882-017-9547-z
dc.contributor.department Sálfræði (HR)
dc.contributor.department Psychology (RU)
dc.contributor.school Viðskiptadeild (HR)
dc.contributor.school School of Business (RU)


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record