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Associations of Physical Fitness and Motor Competence With Reading Skills in 9- and 12-Year-Old Children: A Longitudinal Study

Associations of Physical Fitness and Motor Competence With Reading Skills in 9- and 12-Year-Old Children: A Longitudinal Study


Title: Associations of Physical Fitness and Motor Competence With Reading Skills in 9- and 12-Year-Old Children: A Longitudinal Study
Author: Sigmundsson, Hermundur   orcid.org/0000-0003-2333-5711
Englund, Kjellrun
Haga, Monika   orcid.org/0000-0002-3198-4351
Date: 2017-04
Language: English
Scope: 215824401771276
University/Institute: Háskólinn í Reykjavík
Reykjavik University
School: Tækni- og verkfræðideild (HR)
School of Science and Engineering (RU)
Department: Íþróttafræði (HR)
Sport Science (RU)
Series: SAGE Open;7(2)
ISSN: 2158-2440
2158-2440 (eISSN)
DOI: 10.1177/2158244017712769
Subject: Longitudinal studies; Movement skills; Physical activity; Academic performance; Children; Langtímarannsóknir; Hreyfifærni; Hreyfing (heilsurækt); Námsárangur; Börn
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1366

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Citation:

Sigmundsson, H., Englund, K., & Haga, M. (2017). Associations of Physical Fitness and Motor Competence With Reading Skills in 9- and 12-Year-Old Children: A Longitudinal Study. SAGE Open, 7(2), 215824401771276. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244017712769

Abstract:

This longitudinal study explores the association of motor competence and physical fitness with reading skills in children aged 9 and 12 years. Sixty-seven children aged 9 years completed an assessment of motor competence (measured using the Movement Assessment battery for Children), physical fitness (assessed using the Test of Physical Fitness), and reading (measured using the Wordchain test). The testing procedures were repeated after 32 months. For the 9-year-old group, there was a low, negative correlation between motor competence and reading overall, r = -.031 (girls: r = -.207; boys: r = .180). Correlation between fitness and reading was also low (r = .064). Girls had a higher correlation between fitness and reading than boys (r = .404; 17.7% shared variance, vs. r = -.138). When the children were 12 years old, there was still a low association of motor competence and fitness with reading. These low associations can be used to support the task specificity principles of learning.

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Creative Commons CC BY: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).

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