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Migration intentions of rural youth in Iceland: Can a large-scale development project stem the tide of out-migration?

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dc.contributor Háskólinn á Akureyri
dc.contributor University of Akureyri
dc.contributor.author Seyfrit, Carole L.
dc.contributor.author Bjarnason, Thoroddur
dc.contributor.author Ólafsson, Kjartan
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-28T10:33:02Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-28T10:33:02Z
dc.date.issued 2010-11-02
dc.identifier.citation Seyfrit, C. L., Bjarnason, T. og Olafsson, K. (2010). Migration intentions of rural youth in Iceland: Can a large-scale development project stem the tide of out-migration? Society and Natural Resources, 23(12), 1201-1215. doi:10.1080/08941920903278152
dc.identifier.issn 0894-1920
dc.identifier.issn 1521-0723 (eISSN)
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/1079
dc.description Post-print (lokagerð höfundar)
dc.description.abstract Rural communities in Iceland have been profoundly affected by natural resource management policies. As part of a regional development strategy, a large aluminum smelter and 650-megawatt hydroelectric plant were built in the sparsely populated Eastfjords region. This project was aimed at revitalizing the region and creating employment, enabling youth to stay in their home communities. Using surveys from 1992 through 2007, changes in migration expectations are compared among Eastfjords, equally rural Westfjords far from the project, and the urban capital region. The majority of rural youth want to out-migrate and the project had no discernable effect on such intentions. Regardless of employment opportunities, rural youth increasingly want to move to urban areas or abroad. Gender differences disappeared over time as "female flight" became "youth flight." Findings suggest large-scale natural resource projects alone are not sufficient, and more comprehensive rural development policies are needed to stem the tide of rural youth out-migration.
dc.description.sponsorship Received 30 May 2008; accepted 5 March 2009. C. L. Seyfrit received a Fulbright Scholar award funded by the U.S. Department of State with contributions from the government of Iceland and hosted by the University of Akureyri (January–June 2008). Address correspondence to Carole L. Seyfrit, Department of Sociology, Radford University, PO Box 6948, Radford, VA 24142, USA. E-mail: clseyfrit@radford.edu
dc.format.extent 1201-1215
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Informa UK Limited
dc.relation.ispartofseries Society & Natural Resources;23(12)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Sociology and Political Science
dc.subject Adolescents
dc.subject Migration
dc.subject Resource management
dc.subject Rural development
dc.subject Unglingar
dc.subject Ungt fólk
dc.subject Búferlaflutningar
dc.subject Auðlindastjórnun
dc.subject Dreifbýli
dc.title Migration intentions of rural youth in Iceland: Can a large-scale development project stem the tide of out-migration?
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.description.version Peer Reviewed
dc.identifier.journal Society and Natural Resources
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/08941920903278152
dc.relation.url http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/08941920903278152
dc.contributor.department Félagsvísinda- og lagadeild (HA)
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Social Sciences and Law (UA)
dc.contributor.school Hug- og félagsvísindasvið (HA)
dc.contributor.school School of Humanities and Social Sciences (UA)

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