Opin vísindi

Browsing by Subject "Risk factors"

Browsing by Subject "Risk factors"

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  • Helgason, Dadi (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019-06)
    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a growing problem worldwide and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. AKI is a known complication following cardiac operations and coronary angiography (CA). Following CA, AKI has been associated with contrast ...
  • Sigurðsson, Haraldur Björn (University of Iceland, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, 2019)
    Aims: The aim of the doctoral project was to develop and assess data extraction and analysis methods specific to the anterior cruciate ligament injury mechanism. The aim of paper I was to evaluate differences in the timing of the peak knee valgus moment ...
  • Sigfúsdóttir, Inga Dóra; Kassebaum, Nicholas J (American Medical Association (AMA), 2017-06-01)
    IMPORTANCE Comprehensive and timely monitoring of disease burden in all age groups, including children and adolescents, is essential for improving population health. OBJECTIVE To quantify and describe levels and trends of mortality and nonfatal ...
  • Halldórsson, Bjarni; Bjornsson, Aron Hjalti; Guðmundsson, Haukur Týr; Birgisson, Elvar Orn; Ludviksson, Bjorn; Gudbjornsson, Bjorn (Hindawi Limited, 2015)
    Expanding medical knowledge increases the potential risk of medical errors in clinical practice. We present, OPAD, a clinical decision support systemin the field of the medical care of osteoporosis. We utilize clinical information from international ...
  • Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Allebeck, Peter; Tollånes, Mette C; Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Iburg, Kim Moesgaard; McGrath, John J.; Juel, Knud; Agardh, Emilie Elisabet; Ärnlöv, Johan; Bjørge, Tone; Carrero, Juan J; Cederroth, Christopher R.; Eggen, Anne Elise; El-Khatib, Ziad; Ellingsen, Christian Lycke; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Gissler, Mika; Hadkhale, Kishor; Havmoeller, Rasmus; Johansson, Lars; Juliusson, Peter Benedikt; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar A; Kisa, Sezer; Kisa, Adnan; Lallukka, Tea; Mekonnen, Teferi; Meretoja, Tuomo J; Meretoja, Atte; Naghavi, Mohsen; Neupane, Subas; Nguyen, Truc Trung; Petzold, Max; Plana-Ripoll, Oleguer; Shiri, Rahman; Sigurvinsdottir, Rannveig; Skirbekk, Vegard; Skou, Søren T; Sigfúsdóttir, Inga Dóra; Steiner, Timothy J; Sulo, Gerhard; Truelsen, Thomas Clement; Vasankari, Tommi Juhani; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Vollset, Stein Emil; Vos, Theo; Øverland, Simon (Elsevier BV, 2019-12)
    Background The Nordic countries have commonalities in gender equality, economy, welfare, and health care, but differ in culture and lifestyle, which might create country-wise health differences. This study compared life expectancy, disease ...
  • Sapkota, Yadav; Steinthorsdottir, Valgerdur; Morris, Andrew P.; Fassbender, Amelie; Rahmioglu, Nilufer; De Vivo, Immaculata; Buring, Julie E.; Zhang, Futao; Edwards, Todd L.; Jones, Sarah; O, Dorien; Peterse, Daniëlle; Rexrode, Kathryn M.; Ridker, Paul M.; Schork, Andrew J.; MacGregor, Stuart; Martin, Nicholas G.; Becker, Christian M.; Adachi, Sosuke; Yoshihara, Kosuke; Enomoto, Takayuki; Takahashi, Atsushi; Kamatani, Yoichiro; Matsuda, Koichi; Kubo, Michiaki; Þorleifsson, Guðmar; Geirsson, Reynir T.; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Wallace, Leanne M.; Werge, Thomas M.; Thompson, Wesley K.; Yang, Jian; Velez Edwards, Digna R.; Nyegaard, Mette; Low, Siew-Kee; Zondervan, Krina T.; Missmer, Stacey A.; D'Hooghe, Thomas; Montgomery, Grant W.; Chasman, Daniel I.; Stefansson, Kari; Tung, Joyce Y.; Nyholt, Dale R. (Springer Nature, 2017-05-24)
    Endometriosis is a heritable hormone-dependent gynecological disorder, associated with severe pelvic pain and reduced fertility; however, its molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here we perform a meta-analysis of 11 genome-wide association ...
  • Deelen, Joris; Evans, Daniel S.; Arking, Dan E.; Tesi, Niccolò; Nygaard, Marianne; Liu, Xiaomin; Wojczynski, Mary K.; Biggs, Mary L.; van der Spek, Ashley; Atzmon, Gil; Ware, Erin B.; Sarnowski, Chloé; Smith, Albert Vernon; Seppälä, Ilkka; Cordell, Heather J.; Dose, Janina; Amin, Najaf; Arnold, Alice M.; Ayers, Kristin L.; Barzilai, Nir; Becker, Elizabeth J.; Beekman, Marian; Blanché, Hélène; Christensen, Kaare; Christiansen, Lene; Collerton, Joanna C.; Cubaynes, Sarah; Cummings, Steven R.; Davies, Karen; Debrabant, Birgit; Deleuze, Jean-François; Duncan, Rachel; Faul, Jessica D.; Franceschi, Claudio; Galan, Pilar; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Harris, Tamara B.; Huisman, Martijn; Hurme, Mikko A.; Jagger, Carol; Jansen, Iris; Jylhä, Marja; Kähönen, Mika; Karasik, David; Kardia, Sharon L. R.; Kingston, Andrew; Kirkwood, Thomas B. L.; Launer, Lenore J.; Lehtimäki, Terho; Lieb, Wolfgang; Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka; Martin-Ruiz, Carmen; Min, Junxia; Nebel, Almut; Newman, Anne B.; Nie, Chao; Nohr, Ellen A.; Orwoll, Eric S.; Perls, Thomas T.; Province, Michael A.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Raitakari, Olli T.; Reinders, Marcel J. T.; Robine, Jean-Marie; Rotter, Jerome I.; Sebastiani, Paola; Smith, Jennifer; Sørensen, Thorkild I. A.; Taylor, Kent D.; Uitterlinden, André G.; van der Flier, Wiesje; van der Lee, Sven J.; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; van Heemst, Diana; Vaupel, James W.; Weir, David; Ye, Kenny; Zeng, Yi; Zheng, Wanlin; Holstege, Henne; Kiel, Douglas P.; Lunetta, Kathryn L.; Slagboom, P. Eline; Murabito, Joanne M. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-08-14)
    Human longevity is heritable, but genome-wide association (GWA) studies have had limited success. Here, we perform two meta-analyses of GWA studies of a rigorous longevity phenotype definition including 11,262/3484 cases surviving at or beyond the age ...
  • Kristjansson, Ragnar; Benonisdottir, Stefania; Oddsson, Asmundur; Galesloot, Tessel E.; Þorleifsson, Guðmar; Aben, Katja K.; Davíðsson, Ólafur B.; Jónsson, Stefán; Arnadottir, Gudny; Jensson, Brynjar Örn; Walters, G. Bragi; Sigurðsson, Jón K.; Sigurðsson, Snævar; Holm, Hilma; Arnar, Davíð O.; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur; Alexíusdóttir, Kristín; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Kiemeney, Lambertus A.; Jónsson, Þorvaldur; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Rafnar, Thorunn; sulem, patrick; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Nature, 2017-06-08)
    Appendicitis is one of the most common conditions requiring acute surgery and can pose a threat to the lives of affected individuals. We performed a genome-wide association study of appendicitis in 7,276 Icelandic and 1,139 Dutch cases and large groups ...
  • Bjornsdottir, Gyda; Benonisdottir, Stefania; Sveinbjornsson, Gardar; Styrkarsdottir, Unnur; Þorleifsson, Guðmar; Walters, G. Bragi; Björnsson, Aron; Ólafsson, Ingvar Hákon; Úlfarsson, Elfar; Víkingsson, Arnór; Hansdóttir, Ragnheiður; Karlsson, Karl O.; Rafnar, Thorunn; Jonsdottir, Ingileif; Frigge, Michael L.; Kong, Augustine; Oddsson, Asmundur; Másson, Gísli; Magnússon, Ólafur T.; Gudbjartsson, Tomas; Stefánsson, Hreinn; sulem, patrick; Gudbjartsson, Daniel; Thorsteinsdottir, Unnur; Thorgeirsson, Thorgeir; Stefansson, Kari (Springer Nature, 2017-02-22)
    Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is common and often debilitating. Microdiscectomy of herniated lumbar discs (LDHsurg) is performed on the most severe cases to resolve the resulting sciatica. Here we perform a genome-wide association study on 4,748 LDHsurg ...