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Browsing by Author "Pálsson, Finnur"

Browsing by Author "Pálsson, Finnur"

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  • Gopalan, Giridhar Raja; Hrafnkelsson, Birgir; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Jarosch, Alexander H.; Pálsson, Finnur (Copernicus GmbH, 2018-07-11)
    Bayesian hierarchical modeling can assist the study of glacial dynamics and ice flow properties. This approach will allow glaciologists to make fully probabilistic predictions for the thickness of a glacier at unobserved spatiotemporal coordinates, and ...
  • Gascoin, Simon; Guðmundsson, Sverrir; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Pálsson, Finnur; Schmidt, Louise; Berthier, Etienne; Björnsson, Helgi (MDPI AG, 2017-04-25)
    Albedo is a key variable in the response of glaciers to climate. In Iceland, large albedo variations of the ice caps may be caused by the deposition of volcanic ash (tephra). Sparse in situ measurements are insufficient to characterize the spatial ...
  • Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Berthier, Etienne; Pálsson, Finnur; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Jóhannesson, Tómas (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2019-04-11)
    Mass-balance measurements of Icelandic glaciers are sparse through the 20th century. However, the large archive of stereo images available allows estimates of glacier-wide mass balance in decadal time steps since 1945. Combined with climate records, ...
  • Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Pálsson, Finnur; Ágústsson, H.; Crochet, P. (Copernicus GmbH, 2016-01-19)
    In this paper we describe how recent high-resolution digital elevation models (DEMs) can be used to extract glacier surface DEMs from old aerial photographs and to evaluate the uncertainty of the mass balance record derived from the DEMs. We present a ...
  • Gudmundsson, Magnus Tumi; Jónsdóttir, Kristín; Hooper, Andrew; Holohan, Eoghan P.; Halldorsson, Saemundur; Ofeigsson, Benedikt Gunnar; Cesca, Simone; Vogfjörð, Kristín S.; Sigmundsson, Freysteinn; Högnadóttir, Thórdís; Einarsson, Páll; Sigmarsson, Olgeir; Jarosch, Alexander H.; Jónasson, Kristján; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Hreinsdóttir, Sigrún; Bagnardi, Marco; Parks, Michelle M.; Hjorleifsdottir, Vala; Pálsson, Finnur; Walter, Thomas R.; Schöpfer, Martin P. J.; Heimann, Sebastian; Reynolds, Hannah Iona; Dumont, Stéphanie; Bali, Eniko; Guðfinnsson, Guðmundur; Dahm, Torsten; Roberts, Matthew J.; Hensch, Martin; Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Spaans, Karsten; Jakobsson, Sigurður; Guðmundsson, Gunnar B.; Fridriksdóttir, Hildur María; Drouin, Vincent; Dürig, Tobias; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Riishuus, Morten; Pedersen, Gro; van Boeckel, Tayo; Oddsson, Björn; Pfeffer, Melissa A.; Barsotti, Sara; Bergsson, Baldur; Donovan, Amy; Burton, Mike R.; Aiuppa, Alessandro (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2016-07-14)
    Large volcanic eruptions on Earth commonly occur with a collapse of the roof of a crustal magma reservoir, forming a caldera. Only a few such collapses occur per century, and the lack of detailed observations has obscured insight into the mechanical ...
  • Gopalan, Giri; Hrafnkelsson, Birgir; Wikle, Christopher K.; Rue, Håvard; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Jarosch, Alexander H.; Pálsson, Finnur (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-06-12)
    In this paper, we extend and analyze a Bayesian hierarchical spatiotemporal model for physical systems. A novelty is to model the discrepancy between the output of a computer simulator for a physical process and the actual process values with a ...
  • Wittmann, Monika; Groot Zwaaftink, Christine; Steffensen Schmidt, Louise; Guðmundsson, Sverrir; Pálsson, Finnur; Arnalds, Olafur; Björnsson, Helgi; Thorsteinsson, Throstur; Stohl, Andreas (Copernicus GmbH, 2017-03-23)
    Deposition of small amounts of airborne dust on glaciers causes positive radiative forcing and enhanced melting due to the reduction of surface albedo. To study the effects of dust deposition on the mass balance of Brúarjökull, an outlet glacier of the ...
  • Schmidt, Louise Steffensen; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Guðmundsson, Sverrir; Langen, Peter L.; Pálsson, Finnur; Mottram, Ruth; Gascoin, Simon; Björnsson, Helgi (Copernicus GmbH, 2017-07-14)
    A simulation of the surface climate of Vatnajökull ice cap, Iceland, carried out with the regional climate model HIRHAM5 for the period 1980–2014, is used to estimate the evolution of the glacier surface mass balance (SMB). This simulation uses a new ...
  • Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Berthier, Etienne; Gunnlaugsson, Ágúst Þ.; Pálsson, Finnur; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Jóhannesson, Tómas; Þorsteinsson, Þorsteinn; Björnsson, Helgi (Frontiers Media SA, 2020-06-03)
    To date, most mass balance studies in Iceland have concentrated on the three largest ice caps. This study turns the focus toward smaller Icelandic glaciers, presenting geodetic mass-balance estimates for 14 of them (total area 1,005 km2 in 2017) from ...
  • Minchew, Brent; Simons, Mark; Björnsson, Helgi; Pálsson, Finnur; Morlighem, Mathieu; Seroussi, Helene; Larour, Eric; Hensley, Scott (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2016-02)
    The mechanical properties of glacier beds play a fundamental role in regulating the sensitivity of glaciers to environmental forcing across a wide range of timescales. Glaciers are commonly underlain by deformable till whose mechanical properties and ...
  • Galeczka, Iwona; Eiriksdottir, Eydis Salome; Pálsson, Finnur; Oelkers, Eric; Lutz, Stefanie; Benning, Liane G.; Stefánsson, Andri; Kjartansdóttir, Ríkey; Gunnarsson-Robin, Jóhann; Ono, Shuhei; Ólafsdóttir, Rósa; Jónasdóttir, Elín Björk; Gíslason, Sigurður Reynir (Elsevier BV, 2017-11)
    The chemical composition of Icelandic rain and snow is dominated by marine aerosols, however human and volcanic activity can also affect these compositions. The six month long 2014–15 Bárðarbunga volcanic eruption was the largest in Iceland for more ...
  • Eibl, Eva; Bean, Christopher J.; Einarsson, Bergur; Pálsson, Finnur; Vogfjörd, Kristín S. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-07-21)
    Glacier runoff and melt from volcanic and geothermal activity accumulates in glacier dammed lakes in glaciated areas around the world. These lakes eventually drain, creating hazardous subglacial floods that are usually only confirmed after they exit ...
  • Schmidt, Louise Steffensen; Langen, Peter; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Pálsson, Finnur; Guðmundsson, Sverrir; Gunnarsson, Andri (MDPI AG, 2018-11-15)
    Several simulations of the surface climate and energy balance of Vatnajökull ice cap, Iceland, are used to estimate the glacier runoff for the period 1980–2015 and the sensitivity of runoff to the spring conditions (e.g., snow thickness). The simulations ...
  • Belart, Joaquín M. C.; Berthier, Etienne; Magnússon, Eyjólfur; Anderson, Leif S.; Pálsson, Finnur; Þorsteinsson, Þorsteinn; Howat, Ian M.; Adalgeirsdottir, Gudfinna; Jóhannesson, Tómas; Jarosch, Alexander H. (Copernicus GmbH, 2017-06-30)
    Sub-meter resolution, stereoscopic satellite images allow for the generation of accurate and high-resolution digital elevation models (DEMs) over glaciers and ice caps. Here, repeated stereo images of Drangajökull ice cap (NW Iceland) from Pléiades and ...