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  • Gargallo-Garriga, Albert; Ayala-Roque, Marta; Sardans, Jordi; Bartrons, Mireia; Granda, Victor; Sigurdsson, Bjarni D.; Leblans, Niki; Oravec, Michal; Urban, Otmar; Janssens, Ivan; Penuelas, Josep (MDPI AG, 2017-08-23)
    Climate change is stronger at high than at temperate and tropical latitudes. The natural geothermal conditions in southern Iceland provide an opportunity to study the impact of warming on plants, because of the geothermal bedrock channels that induce ...
  • Martin, Peter; Dalmannsdottir, Sigridur; í Gerdinum, Jens Ivan; Halland, Hilde; Hermannsson, Jónatan; Kavanagh, Vanessa; MacKenzie, Katrin; Reykdal, Ólafur; Russell, Joanne; Sveinsson, Saemundur; Thomsen, Mette; Wishart, John (Springer Nature, 2017-10-26)
    Although grass dominates most agricultural systems in the North Atlantic region (NAR), spring barley is the most important cereal and is used for animal feed and food and drink products. Recent changes in climate have resulted in warmer conditions ...
  • Hilmarsson, Hrannar Smári; Hytönen, Timo; Isobe, Sachiko; Göransson, Magnus; Toivainen, Tuomas; Hallsson, Jon (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2017-08-30)
    The woodland strawberry, Fragaria vesca, holds great promise as a model organism. It not only represents the important Rosaceae family that includes economically important species such as apples, pears, peaches and roses, but it also complements the ...
  • Sigurdsson, Bjarni D.; Leblans, Niki; Dauwe, Steven; Guðmundsdóttir, Elín; Gundersen, Per; G. Gunnarsdóttir, Gunnhildur Eva; Holmstrup, Martin; Ilieva-Makulec, Krassimira; Kätterer, Thomas; Marteinsdóttir, Bryndís; Maljanen, Marja; Oddsdóttir, Edda S.; Ostonen, Ivika; Penuelas, Josep; Poeplau, Christopher; Richter, Andreas; Sigurðsson, Páll; van Bodegom, Peter; Wallander, Håkan; Weedon, James; Janssens, Ivan (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2016)
    This article describes how natural geothermal soil temperature gradients in Iceland have been used to study terrestrial ecosystem responses to soil warming. The experimental approach was evaluated at three study sites in southern Iceland; one grassland ...
  • Eydal, Matthías; Skirnisson, Karl (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2016)
    The aim of this paper is to report cases of the intestinal parasitic nematode Strongyloides stercoralis in dogs in Iceland. The nematode was diagnosed in 20 (0.6%) of imported dogs in quaratine in Iceland during 1989-2016. Household dogs: The first ...
  • Davíðsdóttir, Brynja; Gunnarsson, Tomas Gretar; Halldórsson, Guðmundur; Sigurdsson, Bjarni D. (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2016)
    Degradation of ecosystems and introductions of invasive species pose a threat to global biodiversity. Ecosystem restoration and revegetation actions are important for amending habitat loss and for the protection of species of plants and animals. Iceland ...
  • Granquist, Sandra; Hauksson, Erlingur (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2016)
    The effect of harbour seal predation on salmonids has been frequently debated, although interactions between these species have never been thoroughly investigated in Icelandic waters prior to this study. We investigated the diet of harbour seals in a ...
  • Willow, Jonathan; Tamayo, Mariana; Jóhannsson, Magnús H. (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2017-09)
    Pollinator communities have an integral role in facilitating sexual reproduction within and between flowering plant populations. Declines in abundance and diversity of pollinating insects are widely documented throughout Europe, primarily the result ...
  • Šiaudinis, Gintaras; Liaudanskiene, Inga; Slepetiene, Alvyra (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2017)
    An experiment with three perennial energy crops – common mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris L.), cup plant (Silphium perfoliatum L.) and virginia mallow (Sida hermaphrodita Rusby) has been carried out in Lithuania (55°43′N, 21°28′E) in order to evaluate the ...
  • Willow, Jonathan (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2017)
    Bumblebees (Bombus spp.) are pollinators of especially high conservation interest. They have behaviours (pollen-gathering, buzz pollination), morphological structures (branched body hairs well-adapted for retaining pollen), and endothermic capabilities, ...
  • Mandáková, Terezie; Thorbjörnsson, Hjörtur; Pisupati, Rahul; Reichardt, Ilka; Lysak, Martin A; Anamthawat-Jónsson, Kesara (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2017)
    In this paper, we report the first discovery of Arabidopsis thaliana in Iceland. In May 2015, the plants were located growing on warm geothermal soil around the hot spring Deildartunguhver in Reykholt, West Iceland. Flower buds and leaves were collected ...
  • Hilmarsson, Hrannar Smári; Göransson, Magnus; Lillemo, Morten; Kristjánsdóttir, Þórdís Anna; Hermannsson, Jónatan; Hallsson, Jon (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2017)
    Barley is of great importance in modern agriculture and is currently the fourth most important cereal after wheat, maize, and rice. It is well adapted to a range of climatic and day-length conditions, with a distribution from Ethiopia to northern ...
  • Groot Zwaaftink, Christine; Arnalds, Olafur; Dagsson-Waldhauserova, Pavla; Eckhardt, Sabine; Prospero, Joseph M.; Stohl, Andreas (Copernicus GmbH, 2017-09-14)
    Icelandic dust sources are known to be highly active, yet there exist few model simulations of Icelandic dust that could be used to assess its impacts on the environment. We here present estimates of dust emission and transport in Iceland over 27 years ...
  • Eiríksson, Jón Hjalti; Sigurðsson, Ágúst (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2017-04)
    Genetic parameters for carcass conformation, carcass fat, ultrasound eye muscle depth and ultrasound fat depth over eye muscle were estimated with data from Icelandic farms during three periods, 2001-2003, 2006-2008 and 2011-2013. Heritability ranged ...
  • Wittmann, Monika; Groot Zwaaftink, Christine; Steffensen Schmidt, Louise; Guðmundsson, Sverrir; Pálsson, Finnur; Arnalds, Olafur; Björnsson, Helgi; Thorsteinsson, Throstur; Stohl, Andreas (Copernicus GmbH, 2017-03-23)
    Deposition of small amounts of airborne dust on glaciers causes positive radiative forcing and enhanced melting due to the reduction of surface albedo. To study the effects of dust deposition on the mass balance of Brúarjökull, an outlet glacier of the ...
  • Olafsson, Haraldur; Arnalds, Olafur; Dagsson-Waldhauserova, Pavla; Magnúsdóttir, Agnes Ösp (MDPI AG, 2016-06-03)
    Particulate matter mass concentrations and size fractions of PM1, PM2.5, PM4, PM10, and PM15 measured in transversal horizontal profile of two dust storms in southwestern Iceland are presented. Images from a camera network were used to estimate the ...
  • Wutke, Saskia; Benecke, Norbert; Sandoval-Castellanos, Edson; Döhle, Hans-Jürgen; Friederich, Susanne; Gonzalez, Javier; Hofreiter, Michael; Lõugas, Lembi; Magnell, Ola; Morales-Muniz, Arturo; Orlando, Ludovic; Reissmann, Monika; Ruttkay, Matej; Trinks, Alexandra; Ludwig, Arne; Palsdottir, Albina Hulda; Hallsson, Jon (Springer Nature, 2016-12-07)
    Horses have been valued for their diversity of coat colour since prehistoric times; this is especially the case since their domestication in the Caspian steppe in ~3,500 BC. Although we can assume that human preferences were not constant, we have only ...
  • Lenstra, J.A.; Tigchelaar, J.; Biebach, I.; Kantanen, J.; Nielsen, V.H.; Pompanon, F.; Naderi, S.; Rezaei, H.R.; Saether, N.; Ertugrul, O.; Grossen, C.; Camenisch, G.; Vos-Loohuis, M.; van Straten, M.; de Poel, E.A.; Windig, J.; Oldenbroek, K.; Hallsson, Jon (Wiley-Blackwell, 2016-06)
    In the last decades, several endangered breeds of livestock species have been re-established effectively. However, the successful revival of the Dutch and Danish Landrace goats involved crossing with exotic breeds and the ancestry of the current ...
  • Nilsson, Christer; Aradottir, Ása L.; Hagen, Dagmar; Halldórsson, Guðmundur; Høegh, Kenneth; Mitchell, Ruth J.; Raulund-Rasmussen, Karsten; Svavarsdóttir, Kristín; Tolvanen, Anne; Wilson, Scott D. (Resilience Alliance, Inc., 2016)
    We developed a conceptual framework for evaluating the process of ecological restoration and applied it to 10 examples of restoration projects in the northern hemisphere. We identified three major phases, planning, implementation, and monitoring, in ...
  • Ævarsdóttir, Hrafnhildur; Þórhallsdottir, Anna Gudrún; Sigurjónsdottir, Hrefna (Agricultural University of Iceland, 2016-06)
    The Icelandic goat is an indigenous breed, descendant of goats brought to Iceland by Nordic and Celtic settlers in the 9th century (Adalsteinsson 1981). The population is estimated to have been below 1000 individuals for centuries and critically ...

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