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Variation in the magnitude of morphological and dietary differences between individuals among populations of small benthic Arctic charr in relation to ecological factors

Variation in the magnitude of morphological and dietary differences between individuals among populations of small benthic Arctic charr in relation to ecological factors


Titill: Variation in the magnitude of morphological and dietary differences between individuals among populations of small benthic Arctic charr in relation to ecological factors
Höfundur: Kristjansson, Bjarni K.   orcid.org/0000-0001-6984-5771
Leblanc, Camille   orcid.org/0000-0003-4861-9948
Útgáfa: 2018-01-03
Tungumál: Enska
Háskóli/Stofnun: Háskólinn á Hólum
Hólar University College
Deild: Fiskeldis- og fiskalíffræðideild (HH)
Department of Aquaculture and Fish Biology (HUC)
Birtist í: Ecology and Evolution;
ISSN: 2045-7758
Efnisorð: Habitat type; Iceland; Pairwise diet similarity; Pairwise Procustes distances; Temperature; Vistgerðir; Fæðuöflun dýra; Vistfræði; Bleikja
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/533

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Tilvitnun:

Kristjánsson, B. K., & Leblanc, C. A. Variation in the magnitude of morphological and dietary differences between individuals among populations of small benthic Arctic charr in relation to ecological factors. Ecology and Evolution, n/a-n/a. doi:10.1002/ece3.3761

Útdráttur:

The early stages of intraspecific diversity are important for the evolution of diversification and speciation. Early stages of diversification can be seen in individual specialization, where individuals consume only a portion of the diet of the population as a whole, and how such specialization is related to phenotypic diversity within populations. Here, we study the strength of the relationship between morphological and dietary distances among individuals in eighteen populations of Icelandic small benthic charr. We furthermore studied if the strength of the relationship could be related to variation in local ecological factors these populations inhabit. In all the populations studied, there was a clear relationship between morphological and dietary distances, indicating that fish that had similar morphology were at the same time-consuming similar food items. Our findings show a systematic variation in the relationship between morphology and diet at early stages of diversification in a highly specialized small benthic charr morph. The results show the importance of fine scale comparisons within populations and furthermore the value that systematic comparisons among populations under parallel evolution can contribute toward our increased understanding of evolutionary and ecological processes.

Leyfi:

This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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