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A repeated cross-sectional analysis of the Icelandic baby food market surveyed in 2016, 2019 and 2021

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dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Thorisdottir, Birna
dc.contributor.author Odinsdottir, Tinna
dc.contributor.author Thorsdottir, Inga
dc.date.accessioned 2023-08-15T01:06:06Z
dc.date.available 2023-08-15T01:06:06Z
dc.date.issued 2023-02-03
dc.identifier.citation Thorisdottir , B , Odinsdottir , T & Thorsdottir , I 2023 , ' A repeated cross-sectional analysis of the Icelandic baby food market surveyed in 2016, 2019 and 2021 ' , Maternal and Child Nutrition , pp. e13476 . https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.13476
dc.identifier.issn 1740-8695
dc.identifier.other 93313990
dc.identifier.other 5b5cd7e9-2e5a-4794-bd9c-dec270b152fb
dc.identifier.other 85147501508
dc.identifier.other 36738133
dc.identifier.other unpaywall: 10.1111/mcn.13476
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/4405
dc.description Funding Information: This study was supported by the Icelandic Research Fund (196157‐051) and a project grant from the Research Fund of the University of Iceland. Publisher Copyright: © 2023 The Authors. Maternal & Child Nutrition published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
dc.description.abstract World Health Organisation (WHO) has stated that countries need to know their local commercial baby food (CBF) market. Data from other countries suggest rapid changes in CBF options, highlighting the need for repeated analysis. In that context, this repeated cross-sectional study analysed the options and nutrient quality of different CBF types available in Iceland in years 2016, 2019 and 2021. Data was gathered on formulas, porridge flours, foods in jars and pouches, finger-foods, other CBF. They were classified into 26 subgroups based on ingredients and taste (sweet/savoury). Minimum consumer age as suggested by the manufacturers and nutritional content were registered. In each data-collection, 250–275 products were available. Over a third of products (37%–44%) were in pouches. Availability of products intended for 4–11-month-old infants decreased, driven largely by a 65% decrease in availability of food in jars (sweet/savoury) between 2016 and 2021. Availability of products intended from 12+ months or without age-labels increased, driven largely by quadrupling of finger-foods (predominantly sweet) between 2016 and 2021. The overall percentage of products classified as sweet increased from 65% (2016) to 73% (2019) and 77% (2021). Some finger-foods had high sugar content (up to 72 g/100 g), partly from fruit concentrate or sugar/syrup. Like other countries, the Icelandic CBF market has moved towards less availability of food intended in the first year and more availability of sweet finger-foods for an expanded consumer age. As sugar is added to some CBF, stronger regulations on promotion of foods for young consumers and updated recommendations for parents/caregivers may be needed.
dc.format.extent 1008842
dc.format.extent e13476
dc.language.iso en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Maternal and Child Nutrition; ()
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject complementary feeding
dc.subject food environment
dc.subject food policy
dc.subject infant and child nutrition
dc.subject marketing
dc.subject public health
dc.subject sugars
dc.subject Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health
dc.subject Obstetrics and Gynecology
dc.subject Nutrition and Dietetics
dc.subject Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
dc.title A repeated cross-sectional analysis of the Icelandic baby food market surveyed in 2016, 2019 and 2021
dc.type /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/researchoutputtypes/contributiontojournal/article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/mcn.13476
dc.relation.url http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85147501508&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition
dc.contributor.department Other departments
dc.contributor.school Health Sciences


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