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Lower-risk gambling limits : linked analyses across eight countries

Lower-risk gambling limits : linked analyses across eight countries

Title: Lower-risk gambling limits : linked analyses across eight countries
Author: Hodgins, David C.
Young, Matthew M.
Currie, Shawn R.
Abbott, Max
Billi, Rosa
Brunelle, Natacha
Costes, Jean Michel
Dufour, Magali
Flores-Pajot, Marie Claire
Olason, Daniel T.
... 5 more authors Show all authors
Date: 2022-11-29
Language: English
Department: Faculty of Psychology
Series: International Gambling Studies; ()
ISSN: 1445-9795
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14459795.2022.2143546
Subject: Gambling; gambling-related harms; lower risk guidelines; responsible gambling; risk curves; Applied Psychology
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3976

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Hodgins , D C , Young , M M , Currie , S R , Abbott , M , Billi , R , Brunelle , N , Costes , J M , Dufour , M , Flores-Pajot , M C , Olason , D T , Paradis , C , Romild , U , Salonen , A , Volberg , R & Nadeau , L 2022 , ' Lower-risk gambling limits : linked analyses across eight countries ' , International Gambling Studies . https://doi.org/10.1080/14459795.2022.2143546


A common public health initiative in many jurisdictions is provision of advice to people to limit gambling to reduce the risk of gambling-related harm. The purpose of this study is to use consistent methodology with existing population-based prevalence surveys of gambling and related harms from different countries to identify quantitative limits for lower risk gambling. Risk curve analyses were conducted with eleven high quality data sets from eight Western countries. Gambling indicators were monthly expenditure, percentage of income spent on gambling, monthly frequency, and number of different types of gambling. Harm indicators included financial, emotional, health, and relationship impacts. Contributing data sets produced limit ranges for each gambling indicator and each harm indicator, which were compared. Gender differences in limit ranges were minor. Modal analysis, an assessment of the mean of the upper and lower range limits, indicated that the risk of harm increases if an individual gambles at these levels or greater: $60 to $120 CAD monthly, five to eight times monthly, spends more than 1 to 3% of gross monthly income or plays three to four different gambling types. This study provides further evidence that lower-risk gambling guidelines can be based upon empirically derived limits.


The Lower Risk Gambling Guidelines project was funded by a grant to the Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction from Mise sur Tois a now defunct, independent, not-for-profit organization that received an annual contribution to conduct safer gambling initiatives from the Quebec crown corporation in charge of conducting and managing gambling in the province of Quebec, Canada. Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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