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Aging and Driving : A Comparison of Driving Performance Between Older and Younger Drivers in an On-Road Driving Test

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dc.contributor.author Robertsen, Rolf
dc.contributor.author Lorås, Håvard W.
dc.contributor.author Polman, Remco
dc.contributor.author Simsekoglu, Ozlem
dc.contributor.author Sigmundsson, Hermundur
dc.date.accessioned 2023-02-09T01:05:22Z
dc.date.available 2023-02-09T01:05:22Z
dc.date.issued 2022-04-01
dc.identifier.citation Robertsen , R , Lorås , H W , Polman , R , Simsekoglu , O & Sigmundsson , H 2022 , ' Aging and Driving : A Comparison of Driving Performance Between Older and Younger Drivers in an On-Road Driving Test ' , SAGE Open , vol. 12 , no. 2 . https://doi.org/10.1177/21582440221096133
dc.identifier.issn 2158-2440
dc.identifier.other 70305766
dc.identifier.other d1584fb3-58c2-47d9-9413-e301766fd980
dc.identifier.other 85130708515
dc.identifier.other unpaywall: 10.1177/21582440221096133
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3947
dc.description Publisher Copyright: © The Author(s) 2022.
dc.description.abstract It is important to examine changes in driving performance and driver behavior with increasing age to improve road safety. The main purpose of this study was to explore if there were any differences in a group of young drivers (n = 36, Mage = 32) and a group of elderly drivers (n = 40, Mage = 72) on driving performance and driving skills on a number of driving tasks. An on-road driving test was conducted using a fixed 25-km route lasting approximately 30 minutes. Expert examiners assessed the participants’ driving skills and performance using assessment form measuring seven categories: car handling, observation/overview, signaling, positioning, speed adaption/risk, traffic flow/assessing gaps, and give way/traffic flow. Younger drivers reported significantly longer annual mileage (mean = 24,719 km) than older drivers (mean = 12,750 km). There were no significant group differences on self-reported number of accidents the last 3 years, driving frequency, or self-assessment scores. Independent sample t-test results show that compared to older drivers, the younger drivers scored significantly higher on 4 out of totally 32 category items in the assessment form. Two of them were in category total scores; car handling total score and speed adaption/risk total score, the other two were subcategory scores; use of controls and following traffic flow. The results indicate that aging itself and/or potential negative age-related decline in certain functions important for safe driving do effect driving performance, but less than expected and commonly assumed. One plausible explanation is that older drivers use compensatory actions related to factors like maturity and a behavioral adaptation to overcome difficulties in driving.
dc.format.extent 109690
dc.language.iso en
dc.relation.ispartofseries SAGE Open; 12(2)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject aging
dc.subject driving performance
dc.subject driving skills
dc.subject elderly drivers
dc.subject road safety
dc.subject traffic safety
dc.subject General Arts and Humanities
dc.subject General Social Sciences
dc.title Aging and Driving : A Comparison of Driving Performance Between Older and Younger Drivers in an On-Road Driving Test
dc.type /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/researchoutputtypes/contributiontojournal/article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi 10.1177/21582440221096133
dc.relation.url http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85130708515&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.contributor.school Education

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