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Health-Related Physical Fitness in Adolescents from Spain, Estonia and Iceland : A Cross-Sectional, Quantitative Study

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dc.contributor.author Galan-Lopez, Pablo
dc.contributor.author Gísladóttir, Thordis
dc.contributor.author Pihu, Maret
dc.contributor.author Sánchez-Oliver, Antonio J.
dc.contributor.author Ries, Francis
dc.contributor.author Domínguez, Raúl
dc.date.accessioned 2023-01-24T01:05:28Z
dc.date.available 2023-01-24T01:05:28Z
dc.date.issued 2022-11-22
dc.identifier.citation Galan-Lopez , P , Gísladóttir , T , Pihu , M , Sánchez-Oliver , A J , Ries , F & Domínguez , R 2022 , ' Health-Related Physical Fitness in Adolescents from Spain, Estonia and Iceland : A Cross-Sectional, Quantitative Study ' , Sports , vol. 10 , no. 12 , 188 . https://doi.org/10.3390/sports10120188
dc.identifier.issn 2075-4663
dc.identifier.other 68688485
dc.identifier.other 056244f1-614a-4192-b67e-4c0bceef4503
dc.identifier.other unpaywall: 10.3390/sports10120188
dc.identifier.other 36548485
dc.identifier.other 85144675549
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3876
dc.description Funding Information: This work was supported by the fifth Research Program 2013–2016 (PPI2015-IV.5/PP2016- EBRV) of the University of Seville (Seville, Spain), the University of Iceland Research Fund (Reykjavik, Iceland) and project (2014-2021.1.05.20-0004) “Increasing the physical activity of schoolchildren”—funded by Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Grants and co-financed by the Ministry of Social Affairs, Republic of Estonia and the University of Tartu (Tartu, Estonia). Publisher Copyright: © 2022 by the authors.
dc.description.abstract The benefits of physical fitness (PF) for health are well-known. Low PF significantly contributes to the prevalence of obesity in adolescents, with an increased risk of developing chronic diseases. The objectives of the present study were to explore the health-related PF components and body composition levels in adolescents in three European cities, and their differences. The present study is a cross-sectional, descriptive, and quantitative research effort with 1717 participants aged between 13–16 years (48% girls), enrolled in public and private secondary schools in Seville (Spain), Reykjavik (Iceland) and Tartu (Estonia). The ALPHA fitness battery test was used with the following tests: handgrip strength, standing broad jump, 4 × 10 m speed-agility, 20 m shuttle run, and anthropometric variables. Regarding body composition, differences were detected for city and gender in height (p < 0.001), weight (p < 0.001), body fat percentage (p < 0.001), and waist circumference (p < 0.001); but no differences were reported for BMI for both city (p = 0.150) and gender (p = 0.738). Similarly, concerning PF, it was detected statistically significant differences between cities and gender in handgrip strength (p < 0.001), jump test (p < 0.001), speed-agility test (p < 0.001), and cardiovascular endurance in both variables (p < 0.001). In total, 26.8% of the boys and 27.3% of the girls were categorized as overweight; 18.1% of the boys and 31.2% of the girls had an excessive percentage of fat mass; and 22.7% of the boys and 22.2% of the girls showed an excessive waist circumference. The participants from Seville presented the lowest results in PF tests. In contrast, Reykjavik, with the highest results in the endurance and speed-agility tests, and Tartu, with higher results in the manual grip strength and long jump tests, shared the highest results.
dc.format.extent 394495
dc.language.iso en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Sports; 10(12)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject adolescence
dc.subject habits
dc.subject lifestyle
dc.subject overweight
dc.subject physical inactivity
dc.subject sedentary
dc.subject Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
dc.subject Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
dc.title Health-Related Physical Fitness in Adolescents from Spain, Estonia and Iceland : A Cross-Sectional, Quantitative Study
dc.type /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/researchoutputtypes/contributiontojournal/article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/sports10120188
dc.relation.url http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85144675549&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.relation.url https://www.mdpi.com/2075-4663/10/12/188/pdf?version=1669287249
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Health Promotion, Sports and Leisure Studies

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