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The neglected epidemic—Risk factors associated with road traffic injuries in Mozambique: Results of the 2016 INCOMAS study

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dc.contributor.author Peralta-Santos, André
dc.contributor.author Ahmed, Syed Masud
dc.contributor.author Gimbel, Sarah
dc.contributor.author Sorensen, Reed
dc.contributor.author Covele, Alfredo
dc.contributor.author Kawakatsu, Yoshito
dc.contributor.author Wagenaar, Bradley H.
dc.contributor.author Augusto, Orvalho
dc.contributor.author Ásbjörnsdóttir, Kristjana Hrönn
dc.contributor.author Gloyd, Stephen S.
dc.contributor.author Cuembelo, Fatima
dc.contributor.author Sherr, Kenneth
dc.date.accessioned 2023-01-21T01:06:30Z
dc.date.available 2023-01-21T01:06:30Z
dc.date.issued 2022-02-28
dc.identifier.citation Peralta-Santos , A , Ahmed , S M (ed.) , Gimbel , S , Sorensen , R , Covele , A , Kawakatsu , Y , Wagenaar , B H , Augusto , O , Ásbjörnsdóttir , K H , Gloyd , S S , Cuembelo , F & Sherr , K 2022 , ' The neglected epidemic—Risk factors associated with road traffic injuries in Mozambique: Results of the 2016 INCOMAS study ' , PLOS Global Public Health . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgph.0000163
dc.identifier.other PURE: 72655747
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 7bbd3316-1148-49a0-8070-4366fa2dfd0f
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-3263-3457/work/108986076
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3872
dc.description This study was supported by the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation’s African Health Initiative funded study "Strengthening Integrated Primary Health Care and Workforce Training in Sofala Province, Mozambique" (2009059) and by the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's African Health Initiative funded study "Spreading IDEAs: the integrated district evidence to action program to improve maternal, newborn and child health" (2016106). which was awarded to KS, as Principal Investigator. The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation had no role in the design of the study, the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data and in the writing of the manuscript.
dc.description.abstract In 2019, 93% of road traffic injury related mortality occurred in low- and middle-income countries, an estimated burden of 1.3 million deaths. This problem is growing; by 2030 road traffic injury will the seventh leading cause of death globally. This study both explores factors associated with RTIs in the central region of Mozambique, as well as pinpoints geographical “hotspots” of RTI incidence. A cross-sectional, population-level survey was carried out in two provinces (Sofala and Manica) of central Mozambique where, in addition to other variables, the number of road traffic injuries sustained by the household within the previous six months, was collected. Urbanicity, household ownership of a car or motorcycle, and socio-economic strata index were included in the analysis. We calculated the prevalence rate ratios using a generalized linear regression with a Poisson distribution, as well as the spatial prevalence rate ratio using an Integrated Nested Laplace Approximation. The survey included 3,038 households, with a mean of 6.29 (SD 0.06) individuals per household. The road traffic injury rate was 6.1% [95%CI 7.1%, 5.3%]. Urban residence was associated with a 47% decrease in rate of injury. Household motorbike ownership was associated with a 92% increase in the reported rate of road traffic injury. Higher socio-economic status households were associated with a 26% increase in the rate of road traffic injury. The rural and peri-urban areas near the “Beira corridor” (national road N6) have higher rates of road traffic injuries. In Mozambique, living in the rural areas near the “Beira corridor”, higher household socio-economic strata, and motorbike ownership are risk factors for road traffic injury.
dc.format.extent
dc.language.iso en
dc.relation.ispartofseries PLOS Global Public Health; ()
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.title The neglected epidemic—Risk factors associated with road traffic injuries in Mozambique: Results of the 2016 INCOMAS study
dc.type /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/researchoutputtypes/contributiontojournal/article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgph.0000163
dc.relation.url https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgph.0000163
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Medicine


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