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Evidence for an attention bias toward disgust in contamination fear

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dc.contributor.author Ólafsson, Ragnar P.
dc.contributor.author Friðriksdóttir, Aldís E.
dc.contributor.author Sveinsdóttir, Sigrún
dc.contributor.author Kristjánsson, Árni
dc.date.accessioned 2022-09-17T01:00:55Z
dc.date.available 2022-09-17T01:00:55Z
dc.date.issued 2019-07
dc.identifier.citation Ólafsson , R P , Friðriksdóttir , A E , Sveinsdóttir , S & Kristjánsson , Á 2019 , ' Evidence for an attention bias toward disgust in contamination fear ' , Journal of Experimental Psychopathology , vol. 10 , no. 3 . https://doi.org/10.1177/2043808719870043
dc.identifier.issn 2043-8087
dc.identifier.other PURE: 37027557
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 1b2012c4-90a3-4140-bffa-335fe4c5e406
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85078314024
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3461
dc.description Publisher Copyright: © The Author(s) 2019.
dc.description.abstract Although attention biases are common in various anxiety disorders, there is no consensus yet regarding attentional bias in obsessive–compulsive disorder. We assessed attention bias toward images involving contamination and disgust using an emotional attentional blink paradigm in a sample of university students high (HCF) or low (LCF) in contamination fear. Neutral, general-threat-, contamination-, and disgust-related images (T1) were presented followed by a discrimination task (T2) 200, 500, or 800 ms later within a rapid serial visual presentation stream of 20 images. The HCF group was overall less accurate on the attentional blink task. Response accuracy differed by image type and lag in the two groups at the trend level and revealed a large drop in performance 200 ms following presentation of disgusting images in the HCF group. No such differences were observed at later lags in the task. There were increases in negative affect following the task for the HCF but not the LCF group, which were correlated with contamination fear scores. The results suggest that a disgust-related attention bias may be present at early stages of information processing in people with contamination fear.
dc.language.iso en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Experimental Psychopathology; 10(3)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Attention bias
dc.subject attentional blink task
dc.subject contamination
dc.subject disgust
dc.subject OCD
dc.subject Clinical Psychology
dc.subject Psychiatry and Mental Health
dc.title Evidence for an attention bias toward disgust in contamination fear
dc.type /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/researchoutputtypes/contributiontojournal/article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1177/2043808719870043
dc.relation.url http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85078314024&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Psychology

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