Opin vísindi

An experimental test of the habit-goal framework : Depressive rumination is associated with heightened habitual characteristics of negative thinking but not habit-directed behavior control

An experimental test of the habit-goal framework : Depressive rumination is associated with heightened habitual characteristics of negative thinking but not habit-directed behavior control


Title: An experimental test of the habit-goal framework : Depressive rumination is associated with heightened habitual characteristics of negative thinking but not habit-directed behavior control
Author: Hjartarson, Kristján Helgi
Snorrason, Ivar
Friðriksdóttir, Ágústa
Þórsdóttir, Brynja B.
Arnarsdóttir, Nína B.
Ólafsson, Ragnar P.
Date: 2020
Language: English
Scope:
Department: Faculty of Psychology
Series: Journal of Experimental Psychopathology; 11(4)
ISSN: 2043-8087
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/2043808720977168
Subject: Cognitive vulnerability; depression; habit; rumination; Clinical Psychology; Psychiatry and Mental Health
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3447

Show full item record

Citation:

Hjartarson , K H , Snorrason , I , Friðriksdóttir , Á , Þórsdóttir , B B , Arnarsdóttir , N B & Ólafsson , R P 2020 , ' An experimental test of the habit-goal framework : Depressive rumination is associated with heightened habitual characteristics of negative thinking but not habit-directed behavior control ' , Journal of Experimental Psychopathology , vol. 11 , no. 4 . https://doi.org/10.1177/2043808720977168

Abstract:

Habitual thinking may underpin a heightened disposition to engage in rumination in response to negative mood, a widely held notion that has rarely been directly tested. The purpose of the current study was to investigate whether rumination is associated with habitual attributes and whether it is related to an imbalance in habit relative to goal-directed behavior control. University students (N=115) completed self-report questionnaires, a rumination induction paradigm and an outcome devaluation task that measures habitual vs goal-directed behavior control. Greater habitual characteristics of negative thinking (e.g., automaticity, lack of conscious awareness, control, and intent) were associated with ruminative brooding but not ruminative reflection and predicted more persistent dysphoric mood following rumination induction. Rumination was not, however, consistently associated with an imbalance in habit versus goal-directed behavior control. These findings indicate that depression vulnerability may be in the form of rumination being habitually triggered (without awareness or intent) with deleterious effects on mood. Although habitual, rumination may not be related to an imbalance in habit relative to goal-directed behavior control. These findings provide support for current theoretical accounts of rumination and set important boundary conditions in the search for specific factors that contribute to rumination as a habit.

Description:

Funding Information: The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This study was supported by a research grant from the Icelandic Research Fund (grant number 173803-051) Publisher Copyright: © The Author(s) 2020.

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)