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How Much Information Do Icelandic Men Receive on Pros and Cons of Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing Prior to Undergoing Testing?

How Much Information Do Icelandic Men Receive on Pros and Cons of Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing Prior to Undergoing Testing?


Title: How Much Information Do Icelandic Men Receive on Pros and Cons of Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing Prior to Undergoing Testing?
Author: Eiriksdottir, Valgerdur Kristin   orcid.org/0000-0003-0110-1877
Baldursdottir, Birna
Fridriksson, Jon Orn
Valdimarsdottir, Heiddis B.
Date: 2022-05
Language: English
Scope:
University/Institute: Landspitali - The National University Hospital of Iceland
Department: Department of Psychology
Other departments
Series: American Journal of Men's Health; 16(3)
ISSN: 1557-9883
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/15579883221097805
Subject: Þvagfæraskurðlæknisfræði; Blöðruhálskirtilskrabbamein; information; prostate cancer; PSA testing; shared decision-making; Health (social science); Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3433

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Citation:

Eiriksdottir , V K , Baldursdottir , B , Fridriksson , J O & Valdimarsdottir , H B 2022 , ' How Much Information Do Icelandic Men Receive on Pros and Cons of Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing Prior to Undergoing Testing? ' , American Journal of Men's Health , vol. 16 , no. 3 , 15579883221097805 . https://doi.org/10.1177/15579883221097805

Abstract:

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing for asymptomatic men is neither encouraged nor discouraged in most countries; however, shared decision-making is emphasized prior to PSA testing. The objective of this study was to examine to what extent Icelandic men receive information about the pros and cons of PSA testing. Furthermore, to explore if patient–provider communication about pros and cons of PSA testing has improved in the last decade during which time more emphasis has been placed on shared decision-making. All Icelandic men diagnosed with prostate cancer in the years 2015 to 2020 were invited to participate, and a total of 471 out of 1002 men participated (response rate 47.0%). Participants’ age ranged from 51 to 95 years (M = 71.9, SD = 7.3). Only half of the men received information about the pros and cons of PSA testing, a third did not receive any information prior to testing and, alarmingly, 22.2% of the men did not even know that they were being tested. A majority of the participants lacked knowledge about the testing with half of the men reporting that they had no knowledge about pros and cons of PSA testing prior to testing. The findings have major public health relevance as they indicate that information provided prior to PSA testing continue to be deficient and that there is a pressing need for interventions that educate men about the benefits and limitations of PSA testing before men undergo medical procedures that can seriously affect their quality of life.

Description:

Funding Information: The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by the Traditional Chinese Medical Science and Technology Project of Zhejiang Province (Grant No. 2022ZB130), and the National Famous Old Chinese Medicine Experts SONG Xinwei Inheritance Studio Project (G.TCM.R.J.H.[2018]134). Funding Information: The authors acknowledge the important work done at the Icelandic Cancer Registry that made this study possible and thank their staff for invaluable guidance. The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by the Icelandic Center for Research (grant no. 141490) and the Research Fund of the Icelandic Cancer Society (grant no. 2017-05). Publisher Copyright: © The Author(s) 2022.

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