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Assessing the Involvement of Users During Development of Lower Limb Wearable Robotic Exoskeletons : A Survey Study

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dc.contributor University of Iceland
dc.contributor.author Ármannsdóttir, Anna L.
dc.contributor.author Beckerle, Philipp
dc.contributor.author Moreno, Juan C.
dc.contributor.author van Asseldonk, Edwin H.F.
dc.contributor.author Manrique-Sancho, Maria Teresa
dc.contributor.author del-Ama, Antonio J.
dc.contributor.author Veneman, Jan F.
dc.contributor.author Briem, Kristín
dc.date.accessioned 2022-09-06T01:03:01Z
dc.date.available 2022-09-06T01:03:01Z
dc.date.issued 2020-05-01
dc.identifier.citation Ármannsdóttir , A L , Beckerle , P , Moreno , J C , van Asseldonk , E H F , Manrique-Sancho , M T , del-Ama , A J , Veneman , J F & Briem , K 2020 , ' Assessing the Involvement of Users During Development of Lower Limb Wearable Robotic Exoskeletons : A Survey Study ' , Human Factors , vol. 62 , no. 3 , pp. 351-364 . https://doi.org/10.1177/0018720819883500
dc.identifier.issn 0018-7208
dc.identifier.other PURE: 41719633
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 242771a4-3521-472f-8768-1ba9d6b7755c
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85078277252
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3430
dc.description Funding Information: This work is based on work from COST Action CA16116: Wearable Robots for Augmentation, Assistance or Substitution of Human Motor Functions, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). We thank all participants of the study for sharing their knowledge and experiences. Antonio J. del-Ama is currently affiliated with Rey Juan Carlos University, Spain. Publisher Copyright: © 2019, The Author(s).
dc.description.abstract Objective: To explore user-centered design methods currently implemented during development of lower limb wearable robots and how they are utilized during different stages of product development. Background: Currently, there appears to be a lack of standardized frameworks for evaluation methods and design requirements to implement effective user-centered design for safe and effective clinical or ergonomic system application. Method: Responses from a total of 191 experts working in the field of lower limb exoskeletons were analyzed in this exploratory survey. Descriptive statistics were used to present responses and measures of frequency, and chi-square tests were used to contrast the answers of respondents who identified as clinicians versus engineers. Results: A vast majority of respondents involve users in their development, in particular at the initial and iterative stages, although some differences were found between disciplines. A variety of methods and metrics are used to capture feedback from users and test devices, and although valuable, some methods used may not be based on validated measures. Guidelines regarding tests on safety of exoskeletons also lack standardization. Conclusion: There seems to be a consensus among experts regarding the importance of a user-centered approach in exoskeleton development; however, standardized frameworks with regard to appropriate testing methods and design approaches are lacking. Such frameworks should consider an interdisciplinary focus on the needs and safety of the intended user during each iteration of the process. Application: This exploratory study provides an overview of current practice among engineers and clinicians regarding the user-centered design of exoskeletons. Limitations and recommendations for future directions are identified.
dc.format.extent 14
dc.format.extent 351-364
dc.language.iso en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Human Factors; 62(3)
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject outcome measures
dc.subject usability testing and evaluation
dc.subject user-centered design strategies
dc.subject wearable robots
dc.subject Human Factors and Ergonomics
dc.subject Applied Psychology
dc.subject Behavioral Neuroscience
dc.title Assessing the Involvement of Users During Development of Lower Limb Wearable Robotic Exoskeletons : A Survey Study
dc.type /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/researchoutputtypes/contributiontojournal/article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.pmid 31928418
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1177/0018720819883500
dc.relation.url http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85078277252&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.contributor.department Faculty of Medicine


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