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Bullying, health complaints, and self-rated health among school-aged children and adolescents

Bullying, health complaints, and self-rated health among school-aged children and adolescents


Title: Bullying, health complaints, and self-rated health among school-aged children and adolescents
Author: Hansson, Erika   orcid.org/0000-0002-0823-0164
Garmy, Pernilla   orcid.org/0000-0003-1643-0171
Vilhjálmsson, Rúnar
Kristjánsdóttir, Guðrún
Date: 2020-02
Language: English
Scope:
University/Institute: Landspitali - The National University Hospital of Iceland
Department: Faculty of Nursing
Women's and Childrens's Services
Series: Journal of International Medical Research; 48(2)
ISSN: 0300-0605
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0300060519895355
Subject: Einelti; Börn; Skólar; Ísland; Ísland; Heilsufar; adolescents; Bullying; depressive symptoms; Dizziness; school-aged children; self-reported health; sleeping difficulties; Depression; Health Status; Iceland; Child; Schools; Biochemistry; Cell Biology; Biochemistry (medical)
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11815/3280

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Citation:

Hansson , E , Garmy , P , Vilhjálmsson , R & Kristjánsdóttir , G 2020 , ' Bullying, health complaints, and self-rated health among school-aged children and adolescents ' , Journal of International Medical Research , vol. 48 , no. 2 . https://doi.org/10.1177/0300060519895355

Abstract:

Objective: The aim of the current study was to examine whether health complaints and self-reported health were associated with bullying victimization in a large cohort of Icelandic children and adolescents. Methods: In this study, we used data from a school-based cross-sectional survey, specifically, the Icelandic contribution to the international research network Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC). The study population included all students throughout Iceland in grades 6, 8, and 10 (mean age 13 years, standard deviation 1.61). The participation rate was 84% (N = 11,018). Participating students completed an anonymous standardized questionnaire in their classrooms. Results: Bullying victimization was associated with feeling depressed (odds ratio 2.61), having difficulty falling asleep, dizziness, and low self-reported health. No differences were found between sex and age groups. Conclusions: Children and adolescents who are bullied appear to more often experience depression, difficulties falling asleep, dizziness, and poor health; however, health complaints were also relatively high among non-bullied children and adolescents. Bullying prevention measures must be implemented in children’s and adolescents’ social environments. In addition to assessing bullying interventions, further research should focus on methods of enhancing resilience in this population.

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Publisher Copyright: © The Author(s) 2020.

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